To What Extent Was The Deterioration In Sino-Sovie

593 Words3 Pages
To what extent was the deterioration in Sino-Soviet relations in the years 1958-1969 due to personal rivalries? After the Communist revolution in China 1949, Sino-Soviet relations were thought, and feared, to be the start of a revolution that could threaten communism in China that could threaten communism in countries world wide. However, from the time of the Great Leap forward of 1958 to the Ussuri River dispute of 1969 these two once great allies had brought one another to the brink of nuclear war. The question is whether this was down to nothing more than the individual personalities of the heads of states, or was it more do do with the national rivalries that had been abundant even before the rise of communism in either country? In 1958 the Great Leap Forward was a Chinese policy designed to start an industrial revolution across China. In 1956, Khrushchev gave his notorious secret speech where he openly criticised Stalin’s policies and methods. Mao took this as a personal attack against him. The Great Leap forward was shared many similarities with Stalin’s 5 year plans in Russia. Khrushchev, by denouncing Stalin, was also criticizing the Great Leap forward and, even more dangerously, Mao himself. Khrushchev’s disaproval of Mao’s policy became further evident when Soviet economic aid was withdrawn from China in 1960. This series of events can be interpreted as being down to personal rivalries not only between Khrushchev and Mao, but also between Khrushchev and Stalin. In 1950 the Treaty of friendship had been signed between the USSR and, the recently communist nation, China. This treaty stated that, in return for military and economic aid, China would recognize Russiaa as the Communist World Leader. However, when Stalin died, Mao felt that he himself was now senior to Khrushchev and found much to dislike in the new Soviet leaders policies. This lead to
Open Document