Historical development to the present day . The people influential in its development Dr Carl Ransom Rogers (1902-1987) and American Psychologist was the founder of Person Centred Counselling back in the 1950’s born in Oak Park Illinois. Rogers attended Teachers College at Columbia University where he engaged in child study. In 1930 Rogers served for the society for the prevention of cruelty to children in Rochester; where he went on to write The Clinical treatment of the problem child (1939), which was based on his experience in working with children. With the years’ experience of working with troubled children, Rogers was influenced in constructing his client-centred approach by the post-freudian psychotherapeutic practice of Otto Rank.
Joseph Calabrisotto Mrs. Price, English IV Academic “Caulfield and Columbine” 11 December 2011 Famed 20th century writer T.S. Eliot once said, “Human kind cannot bear much reality,” (Eliot, 2) and in the cases of the fictional character Holden Caulfield and the real-life Columbine killers; he was right. In the novel, The Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger, the author portrays the main character, Holden Caulfield, as a teenager who does not understand how to deal with his reality and therefore has trouble fitting into society. In this way, he is very much like Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, the perpetrators of the Columbine massacre.
Gordon Allport’s Influence in the Field of Psychology Gordon Allport’s influence in the field of psychology, and particularly the psychology of personality was significant and lasting. He expanded on rigid concepts of trait theory by recognizing and acknowledging the variability of traits. He literally defined prejudice for two generations of psychologists, and participated in the establishment, governance, and support of many institutions dedicated to the study of psychology. Dr. Allport wrote two “famous” (Pettigrew, 1990) volumes on personality: A Psychological Interpretation (Allport, 1937) and Pattern and Growth in Personality (Allport, 1961). While much of the prevailing dogma focused on universal approaches to understanding personality, Allport believed that there should be a balance of both individual and universal approaches.
(Doctor of Philosophy” in clinical or counseling psychology. Doctorate programs typically take five to seven years to complete and a additional one to two years of medical training in order to be able to receive their professional license. Psychiatrists are physicians that have specific training in the valuation, diagnosis, treatment, and how to prevent future mental illnesses. They attend medical school and receive an M.D. After finishing their medical training, they also complete a four years of internship training in mental health.
Avicenna was offered a position at court as a physician which gave him access to the royal library. He also wrote his first book at the age 21. Later on in life he was working as a lawyer, physician, and Dawla for depression. Avicenna was more of a doctor figure who wrote a book called Canon of Medicine which defined the nature of the human body, health, illness and medical treatments and symptoms of disease. Avicenna died in 1023 by an attack and was 57 years old.
Skinner's staunch behaviorism made him a dominating force in psychology and therapy techniques based on his theories are still used extensively today, including behavior modification and token economies. When people think of psychology, many tend to think of Sigmund Freud. His work supported the belief that not all mental illnesses have physiological causes and he also offered evidence that cultural differences have an impact on psychology and behavior. His work and writings contributed to our understanding of personality, clinical psychology, human development, and abnormal
This model contains standard testing providing comparison of individuals with similar traits allowing prediction of behavior outside an environment of testing. Utilization provides information to classify illnesses and disorders as well as defining a treatment program. Assessments within the psychological community have included such models to fabricate interventions, reinforcement, and desensitization of clients (McIntire & Miller, 2007). Significant Event in Development of Psychological Testing and Historical Roots A majority of psychologists find truth in that differences within individuals are a primary factor because of genetics and employment of aptitude assessments; superior groups of individuals can be raised systemically. Alpha and Beta assessments were conducted by Robert Yerkes during the First World War.
Henry Murray’s Theory of Our Will for Success Our Will to Success Henry Murray Henry Murray, an American psychologist, assimilated a theory of personality that construed strengths for types of primary, secondary, and psychogenic needs. Prior to his theoretic achievements, Murray received an education from Harvard, went to the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, and received knowledge and inspiration for a few of his theories from Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung. Murray’s teachings express the psychological and psychogenic needs that we more than often feel unconsciously. Based upon his years of professional experience, Murray theorizes how humans each have different strengths that help in fulfillment of the needs they feel. Our Will to Success Murray was born and raised in New City in 1893.
I Am Sam Alex Arnold Abnormal Psychology Judy Vadasz 11/25/2014 The film I Am Sam is a heartbreaking film about the struggles of a man suffering from multiple psychological disorders. This man is a father who enlists the help of an attorney to help him regain custody of his daughter. Sam and his lawyer try to demonstrate that his caretaker capacity has not been hindered by his developmental delays. Sam Dawson is portrayed to suffer from mental retardation, with the mental capacity of a seven year old. His daughter, Lucy, is also seven, and as she ages, starts to hold herself back in school, afraid to look smarter than her father.
When we talk of psychology being scientific, it is important that we understand what science is. Therefore, ‘science is a body of systematized knowledge obtained by observation and verified by experimentation’ (Mwamwenda, 1989:2). This means that psychology uses so many scientific methods of collecting information through a set of systematic procedures. These procedures include observation, classification, verification and generalisation. By these procedures we are saying that, the information collected is observed first using the five senses; it is then grouped and averaged; after that, it is investigated repeatedly to ensure that there is no longer doubt of the uniformity of the results and lastly, the data collected is formulated into ‘theories or a systematized body of knowledge, which is used for both descriptive and predictive purposes’ (Mwamwenda, 1989:2).