It is a branch of psychology that analyzes how the brain and neurotransmitters influence our behaviors; this includes our thoughts and feelings. It is a combination of basic psychology and neuroscience. There is an interaction with our emotions, our cognitions and other mental processes. It is also related to other areas in the fiend of psychology. There must be an understanding of the biological process including anatomy and physiology.
We live in a world that is in many ways characterised by restraint, conformity and inhibition, Some of Freud’s main works contribute to our understanding of our relationships toward this social world. As well as providing insights into our own biological and psychic natures. Freud was very interested in the influence that sexuality had on development and sexuality was a dominant theme in his work. (Berry:2000). He believed that personality was developed through a series of childhood stages, putting an emphasis on the early years of life as being crucial to personality development.
Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issues A psychodynamic approach is one which tries to explain what drives or motivates development. Many psychological explanations aim to identify what causes behaviour, but this approach looks at the dynamics of the cause. The best known psychodynamic approach is Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. He suggested that we are driven to satisfy biological urges and these motives cause us to interact with our environment in certain ways. This means early experiences play a critical role in our lives.
Unit 7 LO1 P1 Explain the principle psychological perspectives for health and social care There are many types of psychological perspectives to be discussed. All of these perspectives help us to understand and comprehend psychology in different ways. The 7 principles that I will be discussing are as follows: • Biological • Behaviourist • Social learning • Cognitive • Psychodynamic • Humanistic • Nature/Nurture debate The biological perspective: Psychologists from the biological approach assume that behaviour and experiences are caused by activity in the nervous system of the body. The things that people think and feel, say and do are caused, one way or another, by electrochemical events occurring within and between the neurones that make up their nervous system, particular those in the brain. Many bio psychologists also agree that because the development of the brain is determined (at least partly) by the genes a person inherits, that behaviour may be influenced by genetic factors.
However the theoretical differences are more apparent. The psychodynamic approach is heavily influenced in a biological sense and focuses mainly on the unconscious. The emphasis in the therapeutic relationship is why they feel/act the way they do. Therapy assumes the problems we face as adults stems from childhood experiences. Cognitive-behavioural approach places more emphasis on techniques and strategies.
The brain is the powerhouse of human behavior, and the biological perspective is all about the study of the brain, aspects like genetics, immune system, nervous system, and how the brain interacts with these different pieces to make you different. Why we do what we do is what this perspective is all about, and by using this perspective you don’t just have a bunch of assumptions but you can now collect facts and cold hard reasoning, to help solve the hardest of physiological questions. The psychological perspective that I believe does not accurately describe human behavior is the Evolutionary Perspective. First off this perspective is not merely based on fact but on logic, reasoning, and problem solving. It is more of an educated suggestion with facts that seem to fit the puzzle.
6. Biological Psychology is the study of biological bases of psychological processes and behavior. Historical development of biological psychology, is explained by the fact that humans as well as animals can change according to environment, this is important in order to understand just how biology and psychology go together. This is an understanding that dates back to the ancient Greeks. Plato was the one that proposed that it was the brain that was indeed the organ of all reasoning.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Many researchers believe that many aspects affect an individual’s personality. This paper is will analyze the biological and humanistic approaches to personality. This paper will also use Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to discuss at the extent in which growth needs influence personality formation, describe biological factors that influence the formation of personality, examine the relationship of biological factors to Maslow’s theory of personality and explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality. The concept that individuals inherit their personalities from their parents is the biological approach to personality. Unlike the Big Five, this theory founded by Hans Eysenck establishes three dimensions: extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism.
These came from Jung, Erikson and Adler. Freud’s main theory was that the psyche was structured in three parts, the ID, ego and the super ego. Therapists believe that the motives for our behaviours and personality are determined through psychosexual and psychosocial development. It is believed in particular that in our very early years (before the age of 5) plays a large part in this. The way children are treated by their parents helps form adult behaviours.
The purpose of this paper is to explain and discuss the extent to which growth needs influences personality formation. Biological factors that influence the formation of personalities, which are topics of discussion along with the different aspects of humanistic theory, which are known to be incompatible with biological explanations of personality. The explanations will be a compliment of Maslow’s hierarchy theory. A large part of education has a focus on understanding the development of the human personality. Physical, moral, socio-emotional linguistic and cognitive each of these factors makes up the formation of the individual personality.