Unit 7 Level 3 Health

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Unit 7 LO1 P1 Explain the principle psychological perspectives for health and social care There are many types of psychological perspectives to be discussed. All of these perspectives help us to understand and comprehend psychology in different ways. The 7 principles that I will be discussing are as follows: • Biological • Behaviourist • Social learning • Cognitive • Psychodynamic • Humanistic • Nature/Nurture debate The biological perspective: Psychologists from the biological approach assume that behaviour and experiences are caused by activity in the nervous system of the body. The things that people think and feel, say and do are caused, one way or another, by electrochemical events occurring within and between the neurones that make up their nervous system, particular those in the brain. Many bio psychologists also agree that because the development of the brain is determined (at least partly) by the genes a person inherits, that behaviour may be influenced by genetic factors. Galton The hypothesis originally proposed by Galton and elaborated by Spearman, that there is a functional correspondence between sensory discrimination and general intelligence. This continues to spark debate. The central importance of sensory discrimination to theories of intelligence can be traced to Galton's (1883) hypothesis that individual differences in mental ability are correlated with fine differences in sensory discrimination. Sensory discrimination was introduced to provide a mechanism linking intelligence to heredity. Galton believed that ancestral inheritance influences the development of the nervous system and that differences in the nervous system influence basic information processing abilities. Selye Selye believed that stress could be anything from prolonged food deprivation to the injection of a foreign substance into the body e.g. a drug to a
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