A lot of resources will refer to intellect as the ability to learn or reason. Piaget was particularly interested in this area in relation to the cognitive development of the child. In the history of psychology, as it progressed throughout the 18th century, various 'schools of psychology' developed. Two examples of the schools are Behaviourism and Structuralism. Constructivism is another school of psychology, and focuses directly on how people learn; specifically how knowledge is acquired and how it is transformed into learning.
P2 Discuss theories of communication. The communication cycle: refers to the whole process of communication, from the origin to it being understood by the right person. Effective communication involves the process of checking the other person has understood, using reflective listening. Michael Argyle was a social psychologist who researched and developed theories on interpersonal interaction and communication, he focused on both verbal and non-verbal communication. He carried out experiments to test and develop his theory.
Ct230 2.3 explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. While we know that there are factors which affect development, the education and care that they receive will also affect them. Theories in development are important as they influence practice and help us to understand childrens behavior, reactions and ways of learning. * Jean Piaget (1896-1980) cognitive/ constructivist. Piaget thought that, as learning is based on what we experience, childrens thinking and learning was directly related to their age and stage of development.
The purpose of this paper is to explain and discuss the extent to which growth needs influences personality formation. Biological factors that influence the formation of personalities, which are topics of discussion along with the different aspects of humanistic theory, which are known to be incompatible with biological explanations of personality. The explanations will be a compliment of Maslow’s hierarchy theory. A large part of education has a focus on understanding the development of the human personality. Physical, moral, socio-emotional linguistic and cognitive each of these factors makes up the formation of the individual personality.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Montoya Williams University Of Phoenix PSY/250 August 4, 2012 Melonie Purcell Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Personality is made up of the characteristics patterns of the thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique (Friedman and Schustack, 2012). Personality has been studied by many different psychologists, but the most modern understandings of personality come from the psychological research done on certain matters of nature of the self. The eight basic aspects of personality are Psychoanalytic, Neo-Analytic/Ego, Biological, Behaviorist, Cognitive, Trait, Humanistic/Existential and Interactionist, which all eight provides some important psychological insight on what it means to be a person (Friedman and Schustack, 2012). Humanistic and existential aspects of personality, focuses on freedom and self-fulfillment. I find to be one of the most important.
Assignment 2: Critical review of a developmental theory and its relevance to teaching Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934), began his work when he was studying development and learning to expand his own teaching. He has training in many fields such as law, philosophy, literature, history and education. His work was profoundly influenced by Karl Marx’s theory, that an individual’s cognitive ability and actions are developed according to history and the changes in society. He recognised that social interactions and language are two crucial factors in cognitive development and hence developed his sociocultural theory. This theory of development highlights the vital influence that language and social interactions, embedded within a cultural context have on cognitive development.
They also agree that children's speech is an important part of their cognitive development and that it occurs in distinct stages. Piaget's views differ from Vygotsky's in several different areas. Piaget believes that learning occurs from a succession through stages of cognitive development through the implementation of maturation, discovery methods, and some social communication that occurs through assimilation and accommodation. Piaget's view of learning is based on an understanding of construction modes. Individuals construct their own meaning
Research, Statistics and Psychology Eric Ransome January 13, 2014 PSY/315 Racheal Reavy Research, Statistics and Psychology Research Statistics is one method that researchers use to tells the story of studies begin conducted. Research is the pursuit of knowledge, in the field of psychology statistics is used to understand the data collected from research. In psychology, research has a major role and it is statistics that helps to explain the information collected from research. The experimental or scientific study which gathers information on a subject is how research is defined. In psychology there are two essential elements in understanding theories and human behavior that is research and statistics, and how do we make sense of this information and the data collected.
Although each one is just as important as the other, they are different in many ways. One of the development theories is behaviorism. John B. Watson is considered the father of behaviorism. Watson was the founder of the school of psychology and developed the behaviorism theory. He believed that behavior can be trained, measured and changed.
'Human behaviour and performance are the result of multiple influences.' Examine and assess this assertion, drawing on examples from Chapters 1, 6 and 7 of Discovering Psychology. There are many theories and approaches on why humans behave in a certain way and what factors have an influence on their actions. As with behaviour human performance also is influenced by multiple influences. In order to examine this assertion we have to look into some of the theories and findings from different areas in psychology that allows us to understand the importance of these influences.