PSY 310: A History And Systems Of Psychology

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A History and Systems of Psychology Jillian Valdez PSY/310 June 22, 2012 Instructor: Laura Rolen A History and Systems of Psychology As Hermann Ebbinghaus said, “ Psychology has a long past, yet its real history is short.” The act of pondering life and what it is about has been around since the beginning of time, and these acts are known as philosophy. Though psychology derived from philosophy about 130 years ago it is not another name for philosophy (C. James Goodman, 2008). The main difference between philosophy and psychology is the science that has become involved in psychology. Psychology started to exist during the time of Greek philosophers around Aristotle and the renaissance. It took until the end of the 19th century for…show more content…
However, John Locke believed in empiricism. Empiricism is the belief that knowledge is learned through experiences. According to C. James Goodman. (2008), John Locke said, “The mind at birth, then, is an empty sheet of white paper (Locke was renaming an old Aristotelian metaphor of the mind as a blank slate or wax tablet), ready to be written upon by the experiences of one’s lifetime. Furthermore, the ideas that result from our experience and compose the mind have two and only two sources, according to Locke. He believed that every idea we have, without exception, originated from the two processes of sensation and reflection. “ It is often said that the empiricist tradition is the most important for the history of psychology (Thomas H. Leahey,…show more content…
Hartley thought that psychological and physical needed to be separated, but at the same time they needed to be beside one another. C. James Goodman. (2008) says, “Hartley’s model of the mind was a kind of building-block structure in which complex ideas were constructed from the individual component parts. He used the complex idea of a horse as an example, writing that “we could have no proper idea of the Horse, unless the particular Ideas of the Head, Neck, Body, Legs, and Tail, peculiar to this Animal, stuck to each other in the Fancy [i.e., occurred to us], from frequent joint Impression” (Hartley, 1749/1971, p. 71). These subparts can also be divisible into even simpler ideas (e.g., legs include hoofs, etc.). If we experience all these atomistic elements frequently enough, then seeing a part of a horse (e.g., a hoof) will make us think of the horse as a whole. The whole is equal to the sum of its parts.” Because the entirety of the subject in question is a whole because of its individual parts assembled, it is known as “holism”. According to C. James Goodman. (2008), “The holistic approach would eventually find a voice within psychology through the work of the Gestalt psychologist.” I also think James Mill was important to the formation of psychology. He was a British philosopher who believed in the empiricism that John Locke set forth. He was also the father to John Stuart

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