Carl Jung was born in Switzerland in 1875, and educated largely in Basel. Jung was a psychologist and psychiatrist, and the credited with being the founder of analytical psychology. His work and influence covers a number of different areas, and he is considered to be one of the greatest thinkers to have theorised about life and how people relate to it. In order to consider the concept in question; Jung’s theories concerning personality types, it is first useful to gain a clear understanding of what is meant by the term personality. The Collins English Dictionary (2009) defines personality as being ‘the sum total of all the behavioural and mental characteristics by means of which an individual is recognized as being unique’.
October 10, 2011 Critical Reading Assignment: Summary The title of the article “Dialogues with Death,” alludes to two clear similarities between Socrates and the Buddha. The author Matthew Dillon asserts that there is an obvious comparison waiting to be made between the Phaedo and the Mahaparinibbana Sutta,both recounting the final days of Socrates and the Buddha, respectively. The author’s thesis states that he wants to fill this gap and analyze the congruences in both their lives and also their philosophies and teachings, claiming they run parallel to each other more than expected. He clarifies that his purpose is not to say either dogma had influence on the other, but that there was affinity between Greek and Indian thought. Dillon hopes to accomplish this by using the two texts that conveniently explore the same subject.
LAOZI IS A BELIEVER OF NON-ACTIONG AND LETTING NATURE BE, WHILE ARISTOTLE FOUND THE NEED TO UNDERSTAND AND EXPLAIN THE HAPPENINGS AROUND THE WORLD THROUGH SCIENCE AND LOGIC IN ORDER TO MAKE PROGRESS AND CONTROL THE WORLD. This paper will differentiate between the two great philosophers in their chronology, geography, social class and believes. The most reliable biography of the life of Laozi is found in Shiji (records of the grand historian) by the Han dynasty historian Sima Qian. Laozi was born in Chau, a southern state of Zhou dynasty and present day central and southern China in 604 B.C. Historically the rulers of Chu were given the noble rank of Zi, however, this practice was changed in early 8 B.C.E.
Psychology was a branch of philosophy until the 1800’s when psychology became a scientific study in the United States and Germany. psychology started around 390 BCE when Plato (a classical Greek philosopher) suggested that the brain is a mechanism for the mental process. The earliest studies of psychology started
The Benefits of Horseback Riding “Horses lend us the wings we lack.” –Pam Brown. That quote is particularly true when it comes to individuals with disabilities. Horseback riding uses horses as therapy for both the mind and the body. People that have been diagnosed with autism, attention deficit disorder, and other physical disabilities are more likely to struggle with communication, but if you pair them with a horse, they can achieve so many great things. Horseback riding is a great activity for people with disabilities, because it helps improve muscle strength, communication, and socialization.
As one of the founding fathers of humanism, he was very interested in an approach to psychology that had to do with the thoughts and feelings of clients. He is best known for his nondirective approach to treatment known as client-centered therapy. Carl Rogers was a psychotherapist who, in the early part of the twentieth Century, developed the concept of client-centered psychotherapy. He was a great proponent of the scientific method and was one of the first to incorporate it into psychotherapy. His person-centered approach to psychotherapy entailed an unconditional acceptance between client and counselor.
By contrast the human potential movement defined human nature as inherently good. From its perspective human behaviour is motivated by a drive to achieve ones fullest potential. Person Centred Therapy was mainly developed by Carl Rogers in the early 1940s. He was an American psychologist who was highly influenced by modern culture. He worked as a psychotherapist for most of his life.
This theory was very different from Freud’s as Jung believed the human mind has innate characteristics “imprinted” on it as a result of evolution. ‘The form of the world into which a person is born is already inborn in him, as a virtual image’ Evolution and Literary Theory (Carrol, p. 156). He thought that fear of the dark, or of snakes and spiders might be examples of a universal predispositions stem from the ancestral past, even more important than isolated tendencies are those aspects of the collective unconscious that have developed into separate sub-systems of the personality, this he called these ancestral memories and images archetypes. Perhaps one of the most widely accepted and invaluable contributions to personality theories came from Abraham Maslow. With his creation of the Hierarchy of Needs, Maslow changed the way psychologist look at human behavior.
As much as his ideologies and Plato’s differed at some instances (Aristotle, 2007, p. 235), their combined contributions have been instrumental in shaping the modern day logic and scholarly works. Aristotle’s philosophy could generally be categorized into: Logic; Theoretical Philosophy (Metaphysics, Physics and Mathematics); Practical Philosophy (Ethics and Politics); and Poetical Philosophy (Aristotle, 2007, p.112). 1 One of Aristotle’s greatest contributions in the field of ethics is what is called the Nicomachean Ethics. In this book, he explains the relationship between human needs and their respective conduct (Urmson,1988, p.146). The manner in which a human being behaves solely depends on what he considers good.
Although primarily teachers of ethics they were also interested in the theories of the universe and the origin of human nature. Neo-Confucianism already A new way of thinking already created from Confucianism was in a way about to split again. It branched out into two schools of philosophy; the foremost exponent of one school was Chu Hsi/Zhu Xi Oct. 18,1130- Apr. 23,2011 was a sung dynasty Confucian scholar who became a leader for Neo-Confucianism and the most influential rationalist Neo-Confucian in China. Chu His/Zhu Xi created a new school of Neo-Confucian thinking “The White Deer Grotto” located in the Lushan Mountain was where he created this “Home Base” for his school of Neo-Confucianism.