How Did Cromwell Develop the Tudor State?

881 Words4 Pages
How did Cromwell help to develop a Tudor state? Thomas Cromwell, the chief minister for Henry VIII from 1533 to 1540 was a ruthless politician, who some historians believe to have caused a ‘revolution in government.’ However, other historians believe that the developments of the Tudor state were not due to Cromwell’s farsighted planning, but other factors. To answer the question, we first must identify the components of the Tudor state, and how Cromwell influenced and changed these areas. Perhaps the foremost part of the Tudor State, the Government, underwent a significant change, mostly due to the Royal Supremacy over Church carried out by Cromwell. He was familiar with Lutheran and humanist ideals, and as a lawyer he had the capabilities to carry out his ideological reforms in Parliament. He created a powerful state, based on law made by ‘King-in-Parliament.’ By enhancing the power of a joint King and Parliament, he was putting limitations on the King acting alone, as a Rex Solus. In addition to his changing parliament, he set about building up the recourse of the Crown and by organizing a more modern, beaurucratic system of administration, based on an inner privy council, and organized departments of state that could act without a monarch. So while Cromwell did make Henry able to make huge changes in the system with the Royal Supremacy, he (Henry) was unable to do so without Parliament, and effectively Cromwell, who in 1535 became the Vicegerent in Spirituals, giving him more power to make further changes. Between 1533 AND 1536, there were major changes in how things were governed at central and even local levels. Another one of the constitutions of the Tudor State would be the Church. The establishment of Royal Supremacy led to the Act in Restraint of Appeals, the Act of Supremacy and the Treason Act of 1534. This dismantling of papal influence and
Open Document