These two kings got to do whatever they wanted since they were ruling with Divine Right. They used this belief to increase their power within their kingdom and influence their power outside the kingdom. France was a catholic country and both rulers were catholic but the way that both used their religion was very different. When Louis XIII was king of France he had an advisor named Cardinal Richelieu who helped him rule France, he showed Louis XIII an opportunity to shift the balance of power in Europe but it contrasted with their religion. Even though France was catholic Cardinal Richelieu saw a chance to take down Spain and the Hapsburgs by fighting for the Protestants.
This allegiance derives the King's authority from his inheritance and the common knowledge that this is the way the political order in the country should be determined. Henry has substituted this for his own power and become king, not from any legitimate, traditional claim but simply because he has a military superiority over the legitimate king and the desire to get rid of Richard. The usurpation of Richard II leads to serious repercussions such as an uprising of Welsh supporters of the slain King against Henry IV. However, the play additionally investigates the theme of honor and the character development of Prince Hal. The following essay will detail how far "Henry IV Part One" is a play that explores the consequences and civil
At the start of Henry VIIIs reign, most of England were Roman Catholic and accepted the Pope as the Head of the Church, but in the 16th century, and so was he until he split off the English Church from the Roman church When the Pope refused to grant Henry VIII a divorce from Catherine of Aragon. He then went on to make himself the spiritual head of the English church rather than the Pope. Henry VIII declared himself supreme head of a new Church of England. (The Act of Supremacy and reformation). The voices of statesmen and of priests extolled his wisdom and power as more than human.
England was a Catholic country, and so Ireland followed in its footsteps and was also a devoted Catholic country. The Act of Supremacy meant that Henry was now the head of the church, a protestant movement. This caused uproar in Ireland since England was becoming a protestant country, and Henry expected Ireland to follow them. On the 11th June 1534, the 8th Earl of Kildare, also known as the vice-deputy of Ireland, renounced his alliance to Henry VIII due to these changes. Henry heard of this and summoned Garette Org Fitzgerald to London since he felt that the way in which Ireland was being run was against the new Henrician reformaties.
Although he supported the antipapal policies of KingÂ Henry VIII, Gardiner rejected the Protestant doctrine and ultimately backed the severeÂ Roman Catholicism of QueenÂ Mary I. Bishop Latimer- Hugh Latimer was a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, and Bishop of Worcester before the Reformation, and later Church of England chaplain to King Edward VI. First fruits and tenths- First Fruits and Tenths was a form of tax on clergy taking up a benefice or clerical position in Great Britain. Radicals- People who supporter fundamental or revolutionary changes Annates- Annates were the whole of the first year's profits of a benefice which were generally given to the papal treasury. Consanguinity- Consanguinity is the property of being from the same kinship as another person. In that aspect, consanguinity is the quality of being descended from the same ancestor as another
This continued until Henry VIII, so desperate to produce a male heir, broke Papal control over England and named himself Head of the Church that taught an offshoot of Christianity based on the teachings of Martin Luther, the Protestant Church of England. This change did not make much difference, as the main different was the head of the Church and belief about divorce. Many more changes came after Henry died in 1547 and Edward VI became king. Edward, led by his advisors, moved England completely from Catholicism and to Protestantism. He passed laws such as making churches and bishops more plain, services be said in English and creating the Book of Common Prayer in 1549 and a refined version in 1552.
In 1095, Emperor Alexius I sent a plea to Pope Urban II, asking for troops to help reclaim Jerusalem from Muslim hands. The feudal state of Western Europe, as well as the widely established religious superstition and fervor, allowed for the Papacy to make a call to all able-bodied men to embark on this Holy Crusade. [ (A&E Television Networks, LLC) ] Pilgrimage to Jerusalem was already a sign of piety among Christians, and as persecution of Christians at Jerusalem had become more and more frequent, the presence of soldiers became inevitable. It was out of a need to protect the pilgrims that the Knights Templar were born. [ (Addison) ]
The war against France from 1512-14 was a perfect chance for him to show his skills with foreign policy. England formed an alliance with the Pope, Ferdinand V of Spain and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor against Louis XII of France. The first campaign was not a success, however Wolsey learned from his mistakes and in 1513 he launched a joint attack with papal support on France and successfully captured two French cities and caused the French to retreat. Wolsey was able to supply the troops during the war which led them to success. In 1514 he also negotiated the Anglo-French treaty which created temporary peace between the two countries and let Louis XII marry Mary, Henrys younger sister.
Leading the way was perhaps two of the most powerful kings in the western world, King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany. The march east was mainly because Edessa had fallen but there were other factors as well. Pope Eugenius had recently acquired his office and immediately barred from the city by a communal government. He had not yet been able to enter Rome and could do little himself to help Edessa, but. the manner in which he dealt with the Muslim infidel was likely to be noted.
“The intolerable situation of three rival popes ultimately led, through a complex process of ecclesiastical and secular diplomacy, to the Council of Constance.” (Oakley) The process of developing the Council of Constance began after church law stated that only a pope could summon a general council of the church. This began with the conciliar movement which was one that resulted in the cardinals or emperor calling of a council. Long after Urban and Clement were deceased, the conciliar movement met a success in 1408. Cardinals from both sides decided to meet and “pursue the union of the church… by way of abdication of both papal contenders.” (Hunt 399) The motion was passed after support was given by England and France. At the meeting in Pisa of 1409, in which both popes refused to attend, the council decided to depose of them.