To What Extent Did Royal Power Increase in the Years 1536-53?

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From 1536 the royal court was at the heart of the government and power lay with the king. However, to exercise it effectively he relied on a bureaucracy supervised by the Council and the co-operation of both the nobility and Church. When the king intervened with the parliament and governments his power was at its strongest forming a King-in-Parliament. The whole arrangement of appointments was held by patronage where both the king and those close to him acted as patrons putting forward their clients for position and office to ensure Henry could depend on each and every one to support him in order to succeed a Henrician Reformation. This facilitated him to becoming the most superior individual and increased overall royal power by building up political influence in the latter years. In 1534 the act of supremacy was passed declaring Henry VIII Head of the English Church in both temporal and spiritual matters. This was the heart of the Henrician reformation as it signified the break with Rome and necessitated other changes, for example, changes in the role and function of parliament, extension of central government in localities, changes in religious practice, destruction of existing institutions and development of new ones. By 1536 royal supremacy in the Church and state was widely accepted showing an increase in royal power as outside powers, such as the Papacy, no longer had influence within England and was seen as the start to a Tudor revolution in government. Elton – Cromwell architect of tudor revolution in govt 1536 – dissolution of monasteries – transferred property to crown, improved royal finances & gained favour and support by selling off church lands to gentry and nobility. Direct link to papacy showing loyalty to authorities outside England. Intro of protestant ideas further undermined respect for papacy and helped justify and maintain break with rome
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