A new religion was created by Henry VIII, called Protestant. This authorized people to divorce if they were unhappy about their marriage. This made all the pope, monks and priests very irritated and angry. Henry’s hunger for power slowly increased; he wanted to dissolve the monasteries as he felt strongly about controlling the church his way. Although Henry was king of England, he thought that the pope might have more control over the people in England.
The death of Thomas Becket is split between the 3 people, the king, Becket and the knight. The king was blamed for some of the incident as Henry didn’t order the murder but it was clear he wanted it done. So he should be more carefull about what he says. Also the king wanted power and was greedy and selfish which is bad it its self but he wanted the churchs power and so put a non-religius man in a place of 2nd in charge of church this was very
In his speech before the National Convention, he claims the Church calendar to debase nations and persuades people that a new calendar is a must for every Frenchman. However, Romme is biased towards the production of a new calendar, clearly shown, because he is head of the calendar reform committee (Document 2). The “Institution Concerning the Era of the Republic and the Division of the Year” also supports the new calendar. This document not only looks at the calendar from an intellectual level, but also considers the economy. It claims a new calendar will soon be needed for commerce and the trades, and arts and history.
For this question, key factors will need to be analysed in order to form a correct conclusion on Elizabeth 1's reasons for pursuing a religious settlement, such as England's religious turbulence or relations with powerful European countries. Beliefs in Elizabeth society on religion and gender roles will also need to be analysed when answering this question. Firstly, the religious turbulence that had plagued England for over twenty years greatly impacted Elizabeth's decision. England was a catholic country with the head of the church being the Pope. This continued until Henry VIII, so desperate to produce a male heir, broke Papal control over England and named himself Head of the Church that taught an offshoot of Christianity based on the teachings of Martin Luther, the Protestant Church of England.
For example in the Lincoln Articles it states that the rebels wanted “an end to suppression of religious houses” and “bishops in England do not have… the faith of Christ”. Furthermore in the Pontefract Articles, it is said that the rebels wanted “the Pope as the Supreme Head of the Church of England”, “to end the heresies within this realm.” This shows that the Pilgrimage was a reaction from the peasants after the Break with Rome. Moreover the rebels marched behind the Five Wounds of Christ, showing that the peasants were heavily influenced by religion. Also, in the 16th century religion held communities together as people prayed and paid for the rituals of the Church, so the dissolution would have affected this. Historian Geoffrey Elton says that the uprising was religious and associated with Catherine of Aragon.
Enforcing the Royal Supremacy Keywords Convocation- a large formal gathering of people Papal bulls- A papal bull is a particular type of letters or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the lead seal (bulla) that was added to the end in order to authenticate it. Supplication- is a form of prayer, where one party humbly or earnestly asks another party to provide something Bishop Fisher- John Fisher was anÂ English Catholic Cardinal-Priest,Â Bishop, and theologian. He was a man of learning, associated with the intellectuals and political leaders of his day, and eventually becameÂ ChancellorÂ of the University of Cambridge. Fisher was executed by order ofÂ Henry VIIIÂ during theÂ English ReformationÂ for refusing
A.M.D.G A.M.D.G People involved in the Crusade and why they were important Pope Gregory VII said that sinful people were the reason why Jerusalem fell into the hands of the Muslim , so in 1704 he tried to assemble a group of knights know as the ‘milites sancti petri’ ( the knights of saint Peter) to implement papal policy . He also used the writings of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430) it was possible to build a case whereby Christian violence could be commanded by God through his representative on earth – the Pope and if performed in the right circumstances . Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor – Henry VI assumed his seat as king and holy roman emperor when he was declared of age in 1605 and since he was poorly educated during his childhood amidst the governmental tumult and was consumed by the desire to rule, bringing little wisdom to the throne at 15. Henry found himself spread thin
They sold indulgences to Christians – a payment due for committing sins. In 1517 Luther wrote his Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences, otherwise known as The 95 Theses. He sent the document and a letter to his Bishop, Albert of Mainz against the sale of Indulgences. “Thesis 86, asks: "Why does the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of St. Peter with the money of poor believers rather than with his own money?" This and the other theses challenged the authority of the Roman Catholic religion and the Pope.
“The intolerable situation of three rival popes ultimately led, through a complex process of ecclesiastical and secular diplomacy, to the Council of Constance.” (Oakley) The process of developing the Council of Constance began after church law stated that only a pope could summon a general council of the church. This began with the conciliar movement which was one that resulted in the cardinals or emperor calling of a council. Long after Urban and Clement were deceased, the conciliar movement met a success in 1408. Cardinals from both sides decided to meet and “pursue the union of the church… by way of abdication of both papal contenders.” (Hunt 399) The motion was passed after support was given by England and France. At the meeting in Pisa of 1409, in which both popes refused to attend, the council decided to depose of them.
The Roman high officials saw Jesus and his Christian followers as a major threat to the Empire, even though Jesus probably had no intention of becoming a zealot, or political rebel. A high governor and judge, Pontius Pilate, had Jesus arrested and crucified. Pilate accused Jesus of treason, because Roman Emperors were supposed to be thought of