Relationship Between Pope Gregory Vii

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Turmoil Between Powers: The Investiture Conflict Traditions shaped the views of both powers of authority in the Middle Ages which resulted in the retorts carried out between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV; ultimately leading to the Investiture Conflict. Pope Gregory VII was a cleric of Rome and slowly rose in the heirarchy of the papacy. He was appointed Pope by Leo IX in 1073 and sought to carry out the reform of the church under papal, rather than imperial, control (Hunt 348). From the start, power and religion held equal weight in Gregory’s mind and were the driving forces of his efforts towards reformation. Pope Gregory VII knew that many Europeans wanted the church to reform itself because of the problems they saw…show more content…
Both men believed wholeheartedly that they were appointed to the position of overseer of the church by God. Gregory VII became upset when he learned of the appointing of the new Archbishop of Milan in 1075, the chaplain of King Henry IV. Gregory VII saw this as a prime example of how kings and emperors were taking advantage of their power in the church. Pope Gregory’s entire revolt was aimed at bringing simony to an end in the church. Simony was the buying and selling of anything considered spiritual (Miller 15). He believed that the appointments of church leaders by kings, in this case Henry IV, was an act of simony because the men that the kings were closest to were granted offices. Pope Gregory VII felt that this was a heresy in the church and the ability to appoint men to high positions should be stripped of the kings and emperors powers. During the reform, the holiness of kings was more directly attacked by the reformers who insisted that kings were only men, like all men (Miller 5) which helped Gregory VII find a backing for his revolt against the

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