History: The Effect Of Religion And Politics

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The effects of religion and politics Mesopotamia: The primary ruling power was exercised by the king. Sumerians viewed kingship as divine in origin, meaning that they believed that the king derived his power from the gods. This is of particular importance, because it shows that in this civilization politics and religion are closely intertwined. Egypt: Kingship was a divine institution. In practice, Egyptian kings, pharaohs, did not rule alone. By the 4th dynasty, a bureaucracy with regular procedures had developed. Egypt was divided into provinces. Therefore, religion and politics were closely intertwined as well. India: He derived his chief power from his ability to protect his people from rival groups. Like everyone, the ruler was required to follow the dharma, a set of laws that set behavioral standards for all individuals and classes. Therefore, politics and religion were intertwined, because following dharma – the right way – is closely connected to Hinduism. China: Although later rulers would denounce Legalism and enthrone Confucianism as the new state orthodoxy, in practice they would make use of a number of the key tenets of Legalism to administer the empire and control behavior of their subjects. Therefore, in China, philosophy, the mandate of heaven and politics were closely related. Since the concept of the heavenly mandate would eventually become a cardinal principal of Chinese statecraft. Greece: Athens, as stated above, used democracy. Although, gods played a huge part in their life, they did not let it control their politics. Furthermore, Alexander the Great implemented a new political unity based on monarchy. It was also separate from religion. Rome: As stated above, supposedly when the monarchy was overthrown, a republican form of government was established. Romans established standards of justice. Romans were originally
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