Although both Han China and Imperial Rome had a centralized imperial government with an administrative bureaucracy, Han China implemented Confucian ideas and teachings into their administration, while Imperial Rome administered mainly with force. Han China and Imperial Rome were both large empires, so to maintain efficient rule over its people, they had a centralized imperial government. To further maintain efficient rule, they imposed an administrative bureaucracy. While both the Roman and the Han Empire had a bureaucracy, the Han’s bureaucracy was far more influential and active in society than that of the Romans. Emperors of both Imperial Rome and Han China gave local leaders the power to rule their distant lands.
The Qin dynasty had a legalist government, which was highly bureaucratic. The Han also had a legalist belief system, which they adopted from the Qin, but they also mixed in some Confucian ideologies and beliefs. The Qin also had a more centralized government than the Han, with more power belonging to a single person. The two governments also had a lot in common, including different laws. The Han used many statutes of the Qin law code, when Xiao He, a Chinese statesman during the early Han dynasty, created a new written code of laws for the Han Empire.
Techniques of Imperial Administration in Han China and Imperial Rome The Classical Empires had reaches sizes unimaginable to people of earlier eras. These empires covered vast amounts of land and huge populations, and had to create new methods of controlling such expansive kingdoms. The empires of Han China and Imperial Rome were especially skilled at developing systems which allowed for access throughout their lands, collecting taxes, moving the military, easy travel and trade, and the enforcement of laws and decrees. The Classical Empires of Imperial Rome and Han China both pioneered the administration of large empires through the use of bureaucracy and infrastructure. However, they each displayed deviating and unique characteristics, especially with their selection of bureaucrats, the building of infrastructure, and the spread of the empire.
Classical India and China were both flourishing civilizations at one point in time. China and India had social similarities such as a male dominated society. The two civilizations also had economic similarities such as their dependence on agriculture, and they both had specific trade routes. China and India both practiced the use of dynasties, even though their dynasties ruled differently. Despite the similarities, each ancient civilization had differences that helped them become the great civilizations we study today.
One thing they had in comen was that they both had natural barriers separating them from other meager civilizations. Another major similarity was that religion played a big role in leaders staying in power because in china the Zhou claimed that gods gave them the through as long as they guided the people wisely and called their rule “mandate of the havens” and in Egypt it was believed that the pharah was a god on earth and he was son of Re. Finally another similarity is that they both depended on annual floods for the grouth of there crops. Differences: even doe Egypt and china have many things in common they also differ a lot. A way they differ is that Egypt has more of a dry flat land and china is mostly raised wet land.
The first structured dynasty of china the Shang created the structure for Chinese political and administrative formulation which was slightly altered but not greatly changed when the Zhou dynasty took over in 1027 B.C.E some of the Shang ideology’s we’re altered to match the Zhou’s but many we’re kept the same to appease the citizens. Eventually these dynasties have appeared all over Asia and went into a period of warfare against each other called the Warring States Period. After the period was resolved by unification of the empires and reforms the first Chinese empire appeared called the Qin Empire. Although the Qin didn’t last long, they performed many great acts such as created thousands of miles of roads to help unify China and canals connecting the river systems of Northern and Southern China. This helped pave the way for greater development however the harsh oppression of force labor to make all these things make the Qin empire weak to rebellion and fell when Shi Huangdi the emperor died in 210 B.C.E passing the empire ship to the long
Bureaucracy is the delegation of power in government. In both China and Rome there was the emperor. Then the emperor would assign different people to take care of things that he couldn’t do himself like collecting taxes. This bureaucratic system is one of the best forms of political control and contributed to both empires being successful. Both empires remained for long periods of time.
This essay explicates compares and contrasts the methods of control between these two Empires. Both of these empires had central rulers to whom issues were addressed. The Han had an emperor as their central leader, and the Mauryan/Gupta India had a King as its central leader. The leadership system ensured that decisions were made at a central place for the general control of the empires. The leaders were respected and had people who reported to the on goings of the empire.
The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts. China had an outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s and the Chinese used a tribute system as a basis for trade and restricted access of foreign traders to Chinese markets, particularly by limiting them to specified ports under controls established by the central government. China experienced economic changes,
Source A and B are similar in hailing Qui Shihuang as a great ruler and unifier of China and as a harsh ruler who administered severe punishments on those who broke the law and those who pose a threat to his rule. However both sources differ in their emphasis and opinion of Qui Shihuang rule. Both sources, A and B are very similar in their descriptions of Qin Shi Huang. as a powerful and effective ruler who brought about many positive changes to China. Source A mentions about Qui Shihuang introducing laws uniformly throughout China and adopting a single script of writing unifying the people throughout his empire.