to 220 C.E., the Han dynasty ruled over China. After the Han was overthrown, China descended into a political chaos that lasted until 589 C.E. with the start of the Jin dynasty. In conclusion, China has seen quite a few political and cultural changes and continuities from 100 C.E. to
A bureaucracy is when non-elected officials are in charge instead of elected representatives. This is important because the emperor in the Han empire who was intended to be in control was, in fact, not in control. Moreover, patriarchy was present in both empires. Men had more control than women, therefore, men controlled political control. The Han empire had an emperor known as the Martial(military) emperor.
He ruled both these lands through a Chinese-styled government, a centralized government that relied on Legalist principles, and imposed Confucian values. Even though the Han dynasty forced their own values on the people they ruled, the outcome was that their
In the classical period, many empires emerged and had different and similar ways of political control. Han China (206 B.C.E.- 200 C.E.) and Mauryan/Gupta India (320 B.C.E.-550 C.E.) are two examples of these classical empires. One similarity between these two are that one person rose to lead and start the empire.
The years between 1792 and 1850 were a crucial period for both the British and Chinese empires; Britain expanded to become the greatest maritime empire while China, which had been the greatest land mass empire, became a shadow of its former self as the two fought for supremacy and control of trade. As Britain was a relatively small nation, its empire was by necessity outward looking. Characterised by a series of informal settlement colonies, economic policy was the key to expansion and it focussed on trade relationships between the metropole and peripheries; these were supported by a strong bureaucracy and powerful naval fleet. Cultural ideology had a role to play, but it could be argued that it was never as important. On the other hand, the autarkic Chinese empire was formal, insular, economically self-sufficient and relied heavily on both bureaucracy and an ethnocentric ideology to sustain itself.
The methods of control in the Han Empire and Mauryan/Gupta had both similarities and differences. They were similar since they were both had a central ruler; both had distributed uniform code of laws, and, leaders in both systems exercised bureaucracy. On the other hand, the Han used Confucian ideas in leadership while the Mauryan/Gupta India employed Hinduism. In addition, the political system in the Mauryan/Gupta Empire was weak and unclear while that in Hans Empire had a strong politically controlled leadership. This essay explicates compares and contrasts the methods of control between these two Empires.
The Persian Empire, for example, began in the Achaemenid dynasty with Cyrus the Great. After the Achaemenid dynasty was the Seleucids, then the Parthians, and ended with the Sasanids. Similarly, Han China was separated into two major time periods, The Former Han, and The Later Han dynasties. the reason that both empires went through dynastic periods was because of invasion and decline. In Han China, there is a period between The Former Han, and The Later Han dynasties that another family takes imperial power.
Although Han China and Imperial Rome both ruled over large and diverse territories, both had different ways of political control within their empires. The control varies in ways such as their views on society; China having a philosophy of Confucianism and Rome believing in a patron-client relationship. Rome and China differed in who had the right to govern the empires varying from having a single leader to numerous government officials. Both empires used their loyal citizens to their advantage creating the state of free labor. However, even with all the differences, both empires managed to keep their territories protected, organized, and civilized.
The first structured dynasty of china the Shang created the structure for Chinese political and administrative formulation which was slightly altered but not greatly changed when the Zhou dynasty took over in 1027 B.C.E some of the Shang ideology’s we’re altered to match the Zhou’s but many we’re kept the same to appease the citizens. Eventually these dynasties have appeared all over Asia and went into a period of warfare against each other called the Warring States Period. After the period was resolved by unification of the empires and reforms the first Chinese empire appeared called the Qin Empire. Although the Qin didn’t last long, they performed many great acts such as created thousands of miles of roads to help unify China and canals connecting the river systems of Northern and Southern China. This helped pave the way for greater development however the harsh oppression of force labor to make all these things make the Qin empire weak to rebellion and fell when Shi Huangdi the emperor died in 210 B.C.E passing the empire ship to the long
Comparison Essay Han China and Gupta/Maryann Although the Han China from 206 B.C.E.-220 C.E lasted longer than the Mauryan/Gupta India from 320 B.C.E-550 C.E., they both used hierarchy and bureaucracy as their political control. However, The Han China had a more stable government than the Gupta, but religion had a minimal political impact. Meanwhile, Gupta’s religion had a greatly impact on political control. While Han China and Gupta relied on bureaucracy to demonstrate imperial power over the people, Han China was more organized and successful in keeping the empire under control than Gupta since China was centralized by the Quin dynasty in 221 B.C.E. Han Chinese bureaucracy has an emperor on top and has absolute power over empire.