By referring to Melchizedek as a King of Righteousness, it is evident that he had a spiritual image beyond human nature. Similarly, in his analysis of preserved documents about Melchizedek, Rainbow found that the only figure bearing the name Melchizedek was an exalted angel playing the role of a redeemer and judge, known as the Prince of light or the Archangel Michael. He describes Melchizedek as ‘anointed of the spirit’ and his key role was to bring favor to the righteous and vengeance to the wicked. This was a messianic message that advanced Melchizedek as a royal messiah; rather than a historic figure. There was no righteous human being except God alone and, therefore, Melchizedek would not have been a human being since he was called a King of righteousness.
Divinity In the epic of Gilgamesh divinity is defined by the presence of the gods and their actions in the epic. In the beginning of the epic it is clear that is a man who is self-centered and is focused on what is in the best interest of him and his place in the universe. The first presence of divinity from the gods in shown from the prayers of people that lived in uruk because of Gilgamesh rule of the kingdom from him raping women to just bullying people. The gods reacted from the people’s prayers which are a great sign of divinity for being loyal to the people that were praying to them and answering their prayers and creates Enkidu (Gilgamesh Tab.1 65-110) which is created by the goddess of birth to be a reflection of the King Gilgamesh. His creation was a result of the cries to the Gods for bad leadership and power of King Gilgamesh.
“Explain the Judeo- Christian concept of God as a law-giver and judge” God loves and cares for his creation because of this he creates rules in order for his creation to live together harmoniously. Judaeo-Christians have many views about God as law giver and judge. Firstly God can be seen as Law giver in Exodus 20 when God is said to have revealed the 10 commandments to Moses, but the Children of Israel have just been warned that if they approach him directly, he may break out against them and kill them. In this story it God is seen as omnipotent and the presence of Him is a mortal danger and threat. He gives direct commands to Moses and Moses obeyed God's orders despite personal danger and overwhelming odds.
By the order of Marduk, my lord, let no destruction befall my monument. In E-Sagil, which I love, let my name be ever repeated; let the oppressed, who has a case at law, come and stand before this my image as king of righteousness; let him read the inscription, and understand my precious words. The inscription will explain his case to him; he will find out what is just, and his heart will be glad, so that he will say:"Hammurabi is a ruler who is as a father to his subjects, who holds the words of Marduk in reverence, who has achieved conquest for Marduk over the north and south, who rejoices the heart of Marduk, his lord, who has bestowed benefits for ever and ever on his subjects, and has established order in the land. "When he reads the record, let him pray with full heart to Marduk, my lord, and Zarpanit, my lady, and then shall the protecting deities and the gods, who frequent E-Sagil, graciously grant the desires daily presented before Marduk, my lord, and Zarpanit, my lady.In future time, through all coming generations, let the king, who may be in the land, observe the words of righteousness which I have written on my monument; let him not alter the law of the land which I have given, the edicts which I have enacted;
To them, if there is a good side to the world and a bad side to the world, then there must be two gods to keep track of it all. Gnostic believers even present “evidence” defending their position through information found in the secret books of the gnostic gospels (29). Though this argument seems sound, orthodox Christianity is the more popular belief on this subject because the Gnostics were considered ignorantly dualistic; God clearly sent his word through the Bible stating that he is the one and only God that ever was and ever will
Although fallen, we are still God’s image bearers, and mankind is still at the pinnacle of His creation. The prophet Daniel told the pagan king Belshazzar that God hold our very breath in his hand. If our very breath depends on God’s grace and mercy, then He is obviously still involved. He is not a God who is aloof from his creation. He still controls the rising and setting of the sun, the direction of the wind – the forces of nature are under His control, and He does with them what He pleases.
Hammurabi concord the first and second, third proved to be a little bit of a challenge, but he managed to have the Babylonian people contribute in their own way to Mesopotamian civilization. One of his greatest accomplishments was the proclamation of the law codes that were used offers us today a wealth of information on what life was like during Mesopotamian times. All though these laws give us a look into the Mesopotamian life, they were not the first; in fact the earliest goes back to about 2100 B.C. Hammurabi proclaimed that he issued these laws on divine authority “to establish law and justice in the language of the land, thereby promoting the welfare of the people.” Some of those laws included laws about marriage, laws about land owning, laws about adoption, laws about murder and the death penalty, as well as suspicion, and anything to do with owning slaves, exiling people. Any contract was also included under the Laws of Hammurabi.
In many cultures, narratives about the origin of the creation/universe and about the gods that shaped it are a way for society to reaffirm its native cultural traditions. Specifically, theogonies tend to affirm kingship as the natural embodiment of society. What makes the account of Hesiod unique is that it affirms no timeline . Such a gesture would have sited the Theogony in one time and one place. Rather, Hesiod affirms the kingship of the god Zeus himself over all the other gods and over the whole universe.
So the royal throne is not the throne of a man, but the throne of God himself. Bossuet describes, that Kings are sent from God to express the laws giving a King all absolute power. In theory, there was an assumption suggesting, Kings were the “chosen ones” by God to rule, this belief also implied that these Kings were not liable to anyone other than God. Bossuet argued that a King should not have any restraints on their actions. As he states in the Political Treatise, It appears from this that the person of kings is sacred, and to move against them is sacrilege.
1 Development of Religion in the texts of Gilgamesh, Leviticus, and Pliny In the “Epic of Gilgamesh” we see that the gods have an almost human nature, but decidedly work as more of a spiritual guidance through Gilgamesh, Enkidu and other fellow citizens of ancient Sumer. As we travel on to Israel in the book of Leviticus, YHWH has handed down a code of ethics for all of Israel and strict adherence to the rules is expected. Determining what is clean and unclean, who has priority in civic circles, and what is expected by YHWH couldn’t be any more clear. In “Gilgamesh” we see that there is a polytheistic society (meaning that there is many gods) and each plays a part in the people’s nature and civilization. While back in Israel, it is