Health and Social Care Unit 365 Outcome 1

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Outcome 1 – Understand the neurology of dementia Causes of dementia syndrome • Alzheimer’s disease – possibly the most well know cause of dementia Alzheimer’s disease affects around two thirds of the elderly. The disease causes the brain to shrink and the numbers of nerve fibre gradually reduce. • Vascular dementia – this is also is a common cause of dementia. This occurs when there become problems with small blood vessels in the brain and they become damaged. Vascular dementia can also occur after a major stroke. • Dementia with lewy bodies - lewy bodies are tiny abnormal protein deposits that develops in the brain of people who have this condition. There are many diseases that can cause dementia, many are rare and in many cases the dementia is just part of the problem. Types of memory impairment experienced by people with dementia • Loss of mental ability • Forgetfulness • Not knowing common facts • Being able to put spoken word into context • Being able to understand written words • Being able to complete day to day tasks independently • Being able to think • Reasoning • Movement difficulties • Loss off skill An individual with dementia may process information differently to others due to • Sight • Sound attention • Short term memory • Long term memory • Feel All this contribute to the way people process information when dementia starts to progress the above abilities are effected making it more difficult for a person to process any information that they may come across. The difference between dementia, depression and confusion states i.e. substance abuse is sensory changes due to age related deterioration such as muscular problems, illness effecting hearing and sight loss and reduced metabolism resulting in poor illness. • Moving home • starting at day centre, • changes in carers • loss of

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