People who suffer from depression feel a loss of purpose and value in life and themselves. Depression tremendously affects a person’s daily life. Daily tasks can become almost impossible to complete because a person’s mind is overwhelmed with thoughts and seem separated from society. Depression can deprive a person from getting proper rest. Depression is brought by traumatic experiences in life that augments a person’s stress hormone, and without the proper medical treatment it can result in mental disorders and/or even suicide.
Unit 4222-220 Supporting individuals who are distressed Outcome 1 1. Older people are more vulnerable to many of the factors that are known to cause depression including: Being widowed or divorced , Being retired/unemployed, Physical disability or illness, Loneliness and isolation. In addition, older people may develop depression because of: Neurobiological changes associated with ageing, Prescribed medication for other conditions, Genetic susceptibility which increases with age. 2. Cognitive Symptoms Memory problems, inability to concentrate, Poor judgement, Seeing only the negative, Anxious or racing thoughts, Constant worrying Emotional Symptoms Moodiness, Irritability or short temper Agitation, inability to relax ,Feeling overwhelmed, Sense of loneliness and isolation, Depression or general unhappiness .
Unit 12 2.1explain how individuals experience discrimination due to misinformation The attitudes people have towards those of us with mental health problems mean it is harder for them to work, make friends and in short, live a normal life. -People become isolated -They are excluded from everyday activities -It is harder to get or keep a job -People can be reluctant to seek help, which makes recovery slower and more difficult -Their physical health is affected. This is because society in general has stereotyped views about mental illness and how it affects people. Many people believe that people with mental ill health are violent and dangerous, when in fact they are more at risk of being attacked or harming themselves than harming other people.
Physical abuse can result in psychological distress such as depression, emotional distress and even thoughts of suicide. Signs of physical abuse include bruises, grab marks, burns, cuts, depression, swelling and injuries that doesn't fit the explanation. Sexual abuse (Molestation) is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. According to research, people with disabilities are at greater risk of victimization of sexual abuse due to a lack of understanding. Even though the number of cases are high, a lot will go unnoticed this is because of a number of factors including not being able to communicate effectively, lack of education or understanding regarding sex and being socially isolated and not having a way of telling someone other than the abuser in confidence.
Others may find the individual's behaviour unusual, or erratic and may find it difficult to be around them. The individual may feel hurt, insecure, lack self-esteem and become depressed and isolated. Anxiety disorders – is an unrealistic and constant worry about aspects of everyday life. The individual may experience sleep disturbance. They may be restless or agitated, their hearts may beat faster, they may get the shakes and stomach upset.
Patients diagnosed with Agoraphobia also have trouble with overacting body stimulation, and experience trouple coping with routine change. Agoraphobia is more commonly diagnosed in females. Agoraphobia or AG was first accepted internationally as a diagnosis in the 1970’s. (Witchen, 2009) Treatment for people suffering from Agoraphobia is not generally easy for them. Treatment usually comes with facing many of their fears, and requires a trip to the doctor’s office, which most of them are scared to take.
Traumatic stress -Usually brought on by outside seriously stressful incident-Needs to be treated by a multi-disciplinary team. Stress can affect many parts of our lives left unchecked, the sufferer may find it difficult to concentrate, planning and motivation may start to deteriorate. Sleep may become disturbed and sex drive can also decrease. Stress can be triggered by a particular event like giving a speech or it can be brought on by a constant situation for instance a relationship issue that never gets dealt with. The
Most families will suffer stresses from time to time e.g. a family member becoming ill or losing their job, some of these issues are temporary but others are more permanent such as living with a long-term illness/disability. In some cases a family unit and can be broken by a separation of parents or a lone parent entering into a new relationship, these stresses can have a definite effect on a child’s development. * Personal choices - this has more merit in older children as they have more independence in making decisions in everyday life such as not to smoke, drink and have sex. The wrong decision can have a detrimental effect on development e.g.
They may also feel shy about saying how they feel or read more into what has been said often with negative sub-texts often making their self-esteem worse. 6. PHYSIOLOGICAL: * This relates to personal discomfort resulting from for instance ill health, poor eye sight or hearing difficulties. * There is also the sub factor of medication which may be used to combat pain or emotional and behaviour problems that impact on learning and communication. Certain medication may assist communication but may also hinder and cause barriers.
There are many kinds of mental illness:- • Mood disorders This can be marked by changes in mood, either elation or depression. Depression and bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) are both highly treatable, medical illnesses. Unfortunately, many people don't get the help they need because of the misunderstanding surrounding the illnesses or the fear associated with stigma. • Personality disorders Personality disorders are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person, in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. • Anxiety disorders Most people feel anxious at some point in their life.