Personality Disorder - People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school or social relationships. In addition, the person’s pattern’s of thinking and behaviour significantly differ from the expectations of society and are so rigid that they interfere with the person’s normal functioning. Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder and paranoid personality disorder. Anxiety Disorders - People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as physical signs of anxiety or nervousness, such as rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the persons response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with their normal functioning.
Illnesses under personality disorders include: * Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) * Dependant personality disorder * Paranoid personality disorder Anxiety disorders: Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear this can be mild or severe. Everyone will have feelings of anxiety at some point in their life however some people find it hard to control their worries. Their feelings of anxiety are more constant
This can make life appear meaningless and lead to depression. Stress can also affect relationships greatly. If one partner is over stressed, they can react unreasonably to the other person and be quite difficult to deal with. This can act like a chain reaction whereby the stress the person is under causes them to behave badly with their partner which can lead to more rows and arguments. These in turn can lead to more stress within the relationship for both parties.
Describe the clinical characteristics of Schizophrenia (8) Schizophrenia is a mental illness that severely affects and disables the thought process. To be diagnosed with schizophrenia, at least two of the symptoms of schizophrenia must be present for more than one month. These symptoms are split into two categories, positive, which are an excess of normal functions and negative which are a loss of normal functions. Positive symptoms include delusions in which you believe things that are not real or do not exist. They can be paranoid delusions and the person will exhibit paranoid behaviour because of this.
Question 1: Identify and discuss the core features in mood and substance abuse disorders. (10) Answer Mood disorders are characterised by extreme mood or affect which can be experienced separately or a mixture of both or alternation of both. A person can have depressive or manic moments. When they are depressive a person experiences persistent feelings of sadness and unworthiness. A person will be feeling very low and not interested in doing much.
1.1. Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. Mood disorders: Is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in person's mood is hypothesised to be main underlying feature. Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear, that can be mild or severe.
These can range from side effects such as restlessness and irritability to becoming addicted to the drug and dependant on others. They can cause the user to become emotionally unstable and possibly suffer a loss of inhibitions. Many anti-psychotic
Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a disorder that affects mental health and causes major emotional instability. It can lead to other mental as well as behavioral problems. A person with borderline personality disorder usually has a very distorted self-image and often feels worthless. He/she often experiences frequent mood swings, anger, and impulsiveness, which may push people away, even if he wants to have meaningful relationships. Don’t despair if you have this type of personality disorder.
Sometimes they can believe that they are someone else and may believe others are trying to harm them. Unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking are other symptoms that may be occurring. Some may execute poor “executive functioning”, trouble focusing, or problems with “working memory”. This can cause great emotional stress. It is thought that schizophrenia is caused by several different factors.
In the movie Black Swan, Nina Sayers suffers from several mental disorders that were possibly triggered by her stressful lifestyle as a dancer. She displays symptoms of a subtype of schizophrenia known as paranoid schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenia is the most commonly diagnosed schizophrenia subtype. Individuals with paranoid schizophrenia tend to experience symptoms including auditory hallucinations, delusions, anxiety, anger, detachment, aggression, condescension, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. This mental disorder makes it difficult to differentiate between what is reality and what is fantasy.