Ct261 Understanding Mental Health Issues

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CT261 Understanding Mental Health Problems 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system;- Mood disorders – affects the individual's moods and are more intense and difficult to manage than normal feelings of sadness or mood swings. They include all types of depression and bipolar disorder. Mood disorders are sometimes referred to as affective disorders. Examples include post natal depression which some women experience after giving birth and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) experienced by some people in autumn and winter when the days are shorter and there is less sunlight. Mood disorders are thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. Traumatic events can also cause a person to become depressed. Personality disorders – affects the individual's patterns of thinking, feelings and behaviour. People with a personality disorder may find that their beliefs and attitudes are different from the majority of people. Others may find the individual's behaviour unusual, or erratic and may find it difficult to be around them. The individual may feel hurt, insecure, lack self-esteem and become depressed and isolated. Anxiety disorders – is an unrealistic and constant worry about aspects of everyday life. The individual may experience sleep disturbance. They may be restless or agitated, their hearts may beat faster, they may get the shakes and stomach upset. Severe anxiety may lead to OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder), panic attacks or phobias. Psychotic disorders – includes schizophrenia. People with a psychotic disorders lose touch with reality. A person suffering with a psychotic disorder may have hallucinations and delusions. Substance-related disorders – is depression caused by side effects of medication, drug abuse,
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