Unit 12 understanding mental health problems knowledge questions 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (dsm/icd) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ICD – Internal Classification of Diseases A mental illness is a disease of the brain that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought or behaviour, resulting in an inability to cope with life’s ordinary demands and routines. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are: * Clinical depression * Bipolar disorder * Dementia * Schizophrenia * Anxiety orders Symptoms may include: changes in mood, personality, personal habits or social withdrawal. Mood disorders: Mood disorders are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood.
Understanding mental health problems CMH 302 Outcome 1: know the main forms of mental ill health 1.The main types of mental illness. Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or nervousness, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person's response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness.
There are many different types of personality disorder which all separate into three different categories, these categories are; suspicious, emotional and impulsive and anxious. An example of a suspicious personality disorder is paranoid disorder, some one who suffers paranoid disorder will find it difficult to trust others, find it difficult to confide in anybody even close family and friends, they may watch people closely looking for signs of betrayal. An example of an emotional and impulsive disorder is histrionic disorder, if you suffer from this you are likely to be easily influenced by others, be dependant on the approval others and feel uncomfortable if your not centre of attention. An
Both physical and mental symptoms/signs of Generalized Anxiety Disorder can change, depending on how your body reacts at a certain time. You may notice bad or good times of the day or good or bad days in general in which I did. The exact symptom experience may vary from person to person but the one thing that we all have in common is the feeling of intense worry, anxiety or dread about nothing in particular that we can set aside. Also, people experiencing GAD may avoid people, places, or situations that may remind them of a flashback or traumatic event that may have occurred in one’s life. When I experienced symptoms of GAD I would hide the way I felt.
Seemingly mundane events may trigger symptoms/signs. For example, people with borderline personality disorder may feel angry and distressed over minor separations, such as vacations, business trips, or sudden changes of plans from people to whom they feel close. People with this disorder also may see anger in an emotionally neutral face and have a stronger reaction to words with negative meanings than people who do nto have te disorder. Borderline personality disorder is often viewed as difficult to treat. It can be treated effectively, and that many people with this illness improve over time.
Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substancerelated disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. 1.2. Explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification system. 1.3. Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress.
1.1. Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. Mood disorders: Is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in person's mood is hypothesised to be main underlying feature. Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear, that can be mild or severe.
(Chrysalis, 2010) People presenting them self to a therapist with a stress condition may or may not know they are being affected by stress, they may not recognise that they difficulties they are presenting with whether they be a stand-alone condition such as hypo stress, or in some way interlinked with each other such as panic attacks brought on by another form of stress. The most common symptoms to recognise in a client would be- * Psychological changes- such as depression or anxiety they client may or may not know what the specific cause is; also states of confusion and lack of concentration, time management skills and lack of motivation are common. * Sleep disturbances- stress can cause insomnia as well as poor quality of sleep such as waking in the middle of the night and not being able to get back to
Emotional abuse includes excessive, aggressive or unreasonable demands that place expectations on a child beyond his or her capacity. It can include anything from verbal abuse and constant criticism to more subtle tactics, such as repeated disapproval or even the refusal to ever be pleased. The negative messages of emotional child abuse causes inner damage that either destroys or impairs the development of a positive sense of self. Studies conclude kids may experience a lifelong pattern of depression, estrangement, anxiety, low self esteem, inappropriate or troubled relationships and a lack of empathy. As teenagers, they find it difficult to trust, participate in and achieve happiness in interpersonal relationships, and resolve the complex feelings left over from their childhoods.