Unit 12 understanding mental health problems knowledge questions 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (dsm/icd) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders. DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ICD – Internal Classification of Diseases A mental illness is a disease of the brain that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought or behaviour, resulting in an inability to cope with life’s ordinary demands and routines. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are: * Clinical depression * Bipolar disorder * Dementia * Schizophrenia * Anxiety orders Symptoms may include: changes in mood, personality, personal habits or social withdrawal. Mood disorders: Mood disorders are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood.
A person who suffers from anxiety may avoid expressing him/herself due to the fear of making mistakes or being judged. Anxiety causes an overwhelming level of stress which negatively affects communication. 4. It can be tiring and emotionally draining and can lead to yourself becoming depressed. Outcome 2 1. internet,doctor,leaflets,library, friends and colleagues that have been in the same situation 2.
“A close relationship has been documented between low self-esteem and such problems as violence, alcoholism, drug abuse, eating disorders, school dropouts, teenage pregnancy, suicide, and low academic achievement.” (NASE, 2010). A person with low self-esteem is going to face many challenges in life, mostly introverted challenges. Depression is a major side-effect of a low self-esteem. There are also many psychological problems that are influenced, negatively and positively, by low self-esteem. “Low self-esteem can predispose you to developing a mental disorder, and developing a mental disorder can in turn deliver a huge knock to your self-esteem.” (Psychology Today, 2014).
Many adolescents may not meet the criteria for depression, but the symptoms that may be present can nevertheless affect their functioning. According to the DSM-IV-TR classification system (APA,2000), “A mood disorder is a mental disorder when an individual feels depressed and/or elated and outwardly displays signs/symptoms of depression and/or mania for a significant duration of time.” The individual’s mood impairs social, occupational, and/or other important areas of functioning. An identifiable stressor or trigger is not present. A mood disorder (also known
* People who are suffering from phobias can often realize that their fear is irrational but thinking about it causes extreme anxiety. * People with phobias usually have a feeling of distress that is so intense that it interferes with life by disrupting daily routines, limiting work efficiency, reducing self-esteem, and placing a strain on relationships with friends, family, coworkers, and spouses. * Symptoms must last at least 6 months for people under 18. * Panic disorder - with and without agoraphobia – please
12 1.1 Mood disorder is a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature.  The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10. English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of affective disorder.  The term was then replaced by mood disorder, as the latter term refers to the underlying or longitudinal emotional state, whereas the former refers to the external expression observed by others.  Two groups of mood disorders are broadly recognized; the division is based on whether a manic or hypomanic episode has ever been present.
Question 1: Identify and discuss the core features in mood and substance abuse disorders. (10) Answer Mood disorders are characterised by extreme mood or affect which can be experienced separately or a mixture of both or alternation of both. A person can have depressive or manic moments. When they are depressive a person experiences persistent feelings of sadness and unworthiness. A person will be feeling very low and not interested in doing much.
Introduction People with borderline personality disorder tend to have moods, unstable relationships and usually a very poor self-image. It is also accompanied by self-mutilation, suicidal behaviour, gestures or threats. The question that needs to be answered is: why is it so difficult to identify and diagnose borderline personality disorder? A detailed discussion will follow in order to gain some clarity on the problems related with identifying and diagnosing the disorder. 2.
Symptoms usually include little concern for the rights of others and carelessness for what is going on around you. Bipolar disorder is a condition in which a person has periods of depression and periods of being extremely happy or being cross or irritable. They may also have distortions of perception and impairment in social functioning. Depressive disorder is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or even longer. This is similar to bipolar disorder in the fact that you have mood swings of sadness versus happiness in random periods of time for large amounts of time.
EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGOCAL PROBLEMS IN ADOLESCENCE Introduction Most teenagers experience difficulties with their adolescent's behavior. Some teens bloom early and some bloom late, each with a different psychological challenge. Adolescents of this age group may experience a great deal of ambivalence and conflict, often blaming the outside world for their discomfort. As they struggle to develop their own identity, dependence upon parents gives way to a new dependence upon peers. The adolescent struggles to avoid dependence and may belittle or devalue their parents and past attachments.