Health And Illnesses

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A.M.Clow Defining health, illness and disability. This assignment will be based on key sociological concepts of Health and illness. Explain what is meant by the terms health, illness and disability: People usually perceive their day to day 'normality' as healthy and when their body differs form this they may consider themselves 'ill' The definition of healthy, in regard to what it says in the dictionary is 'in a good physical or mental condition; in good health' Oxford dictionary (2011) Illness is often seen as when you have something wrong with you, either physically or mentally. Examples of illnesses can include 'the flu', 'Meningitis' or 'Anorexia' . A disability is often regarded as a state of which, something is wrong with either your physical or mental well being, and this disables you from doing normal everyday activities. Examples of disabilities can include 'Deafness' being 'blind' and 'schizophrenia' These definitions are very loosely relevant as they can all be considered 'normal' as what is 'normal'? Calnan (1987) looked at health and illness for an english point of view and asked questions regarding what the subject would regard as being healthy and unhealthy. Examples of being healthy can include feeling strong, getting plenty of exercise, not being over weight and getting through the day. Examples of not being healthy includes lack of energy, not coping with life, having a serious illness and being in bed/hospital. Why do sociologists believe that health and illness are social constructions? Sociologist believe that health and illnesses are social constructions because who knows what the true definition of health and illness is? Both are very relevant to how the given person perceives the illness, is a headache an illness? The same headache might affect one person much more severely than another, people's pain thresholds differ and
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