Though in other cultures the body and mind co-exist, and an understanding of the body and mental state are looked at together. The world health organisation had defined health as “A complete state of physical, mental and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. Some critiques argue that this definition is too idealistic and including the word complete means people can not remain in this state for any length of time (Awofeso,2005). When looking at the definitions of health, sociologists have discovered four areas that influence the lay persons opinion of what health is. A persons age is one of these influencing factors, as we get older we accept that our body’s will experience physical discomfort and we become limited in what physical functions we perform.
First off, let us begin with what really is defined by health and psychology. “Health” is defined as the well being of a positive state physically, mentally and socially. We mostly believe to know the term, “health” as how a person feels, physically. Are they ill and in bad health? Are they healthy to mean they
Social isolation, poor housing, unemployment and poverty are all linked to mental ill health. So stigma and discrimination can trap people in a cycle of illness. The situation is exacerbated by the media. Media reports often link mental illness with violence, or portray people with mental health problems as dangerous, criminal, evil, or very disabled and unable to live normal, fulfilled lives. 2.2 How mental illness can have an impact on the individual: Psychologically: - person may become paranoid and therefore exclude him or her self -person may become paranoid and therefore hurt others who she/he fears will try to hurt him/her -person may become isolated and therefore out of touch with other people and reality in general -person may feel unloved even if it is not true -person may feel like he/she is a threat to society and therefore attempt suicide emotionally: -person may feel isolated, unloved, paranoid, panicked and non-human (read Francis Kafka's The Metamorphosis)
Beth Taylor DE Survey of English Literature Summer Reading Project Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells Insanity is defined as “A mental illness of such a severe nature that a person cannot distinguish fantasy from reality, cannot conduct his or her affairs due to psychosis, or is subject to uncontrollable behavior.” (psychologytoday.com) Both Jane Eyre authored by Charlotte Bronte and The Invisible Man authored by H.G. Wells exhibit instances of mental illnesses. However, in contrast with today’s society, they are perceived and handled in different ways. Contrary to that, there are also multiple similarities between their societal behaviors involving mental illnesses and ours.
Q2. Explain how mental ill health may have an impact on the individual including: a) Psychological and emotional Mental illness can affect the individual in a deep way by affecting the way they feel thinks and feels. They may feel tearful and have feelings of worthlessness. b) Practical and financial Mental health problems may affect finances in many ways: * If the ability to work is affected there may be a sudden or, possibly, dramatic reduction in income. * If they spend time away from home, for example while they are cared for in hospital, it may be difficult to keep up to date with their financial commitments.
Vulnerable Population in the Workplace Report NUR/440 February 6, 2012 Vulnerable Population in the Workplace Report The emergency room has a high incident and increased acuity of psychiatric patients. Emergency room nurses have little tolerance for this population and have developed bias that can result in this population receiving inadequate care. Emergency rooms experience overcrowding and many emergency nurses report fatigue, over worked, and frustrated in dealing with the psychiatric patient. They cannot immediately fix this populations illness as in medical treatment. This report identifies bias and apathetic attitudes that create barriers to positive mental health outcomes.
Are human rights infringed in treatment for mental health? During mental health treatment in UK many people do not have access to information about their human rights. Lack of information often leads to the infringement of the patient`s human rights as people do not realise what they can do about their situation. The area of mental health poses a complicated area for health professionals and human rights and consent is the basic problem, what does the law say about treatment against or without the patients will? This discussion will; highlight the rights of the mentally ill patients when being treated in the UK; consider the common law provisions in respect for the need of consent for mentally ill patients; outline and evaluate how some of the treatments have been viewed as being controversial; outline what ethics are and how they can be applied to human rights and mental health.
In this perspective it clearly states that behaviour is learnt through experiences. For example phobias are learnt, they are learnt through bad experiences and fears which then leads to becoming a phobia. In the health sector, they would use the classical conditioning techniques which are used as behavioural therapy to remove appropriate methods of treatments and to treat anxiety disorders such as phobias, addictions and post-traumatic stress disorders. However even though the systematic desensitisation is effective for reducing phobias, it is not regarded as suitable for treating mental disorders like schizophrenia. The classical conditioning would say that if they would expose an individual to their fear then this would change their fear.
To start, positive symptoms are physcotic behaviors that more times than less are not seen in healthy people. It has been said that people with positive symptoms often "lose touch with reality" because of the fact that their symptoms do not stay with them 24/7; they can be full speed one minute and barely recognizable the next all of this depending on whether or not the person is taking medicine or receiving treatment. Positive symptoms include hallucinations (voices being the most common type), delusions, thought disorders, and also movement disorders. Next is negative symptoms, negative symptoms are associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. When a person is experiencing negative symptoms it is sometimes confused with depression because they share some of the same symptoms such as needing help with everyday tasks, failing to take care of their basic hygiene, laziness or no drive to help themselves with anything.
Discrimination in health care Administrative Ethics Concerning Discrimination HCS/335 - HEALTH CARE ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY GAIL GARREN Discrimination in Health Care Discrimination in health care is an ethical issue centered on age, income, obesity, and mental illness. Though much appears to be happening in the way of clarifying the legality of the discrimination in health care, it seems to be a futile effort at best. Elderly patients find themselves facing death boards or doctors who are not interesting in hearing their medical complains. A person’s ability to pay for a health insurance and health services currently rations health services to the middle-income families who cannot pay for health care. The stigma a mental health issues often keep the mentally ill from seeking treatment for their illnesses.