Social isolation, poor housing, unemployment and poverty are all linked to mental ill health. So stigma and discrimination can trap people in a cycle of illness. The situation is exacerbated by the media. Media reports often link mental illness with violence, or portray people with mental health problems as dangerous, criminal, evil, or very disabled and unable to live normal, fulfilled lives. 2.2 How mental illness can have an impact on the individual: Psychologically: - person may become paranoid and therefore exclude him or her self -person may become paranoid and therefore hurt others who she/he fears will try to hurt him/her -person may become isolated and therefore out of touch with other people and reality in general -person may feel unloved even if it is not true -person may feel like he/she is a threat to society and therefore attempt suicide emotionally: -person may feel isolated, unloved, paranoid, panicked and non-human (read Francis Kafka's The Metamorphosis)
Poor communication between the service user and carer is a factor, he or she may be unable to express their concerns or opinions. If an individual is not mobile or bed bound, they are frail and powerless to defend themselves. Someone who suffers with dementia and is aggressive may be susceptible to abuse as care staff may not know how to deal with this and become frustrated and lash out. Question 2a (Weighting:
A person may have to get a new job or quit work altogether. The sufferer may also have to pay for some kind of care which they might need. The issue of work needs to be discussed with the employer so he or she can acknowledge the difficulties which the sufferer faces on a daily bases. Multiple Sclerosis can impair the victim both physically and mentally. It can be more daunting and self-esteem crushing that a person has the possibility of losing their ability to function independently as a result of an illness that affects their mind.
I have listed other possible effects below * Long term effects may be: * Loss of motivation * Restricted opportunities * Limited access to services * Long term depression * Increased behavior problems * Difficulty communicating * Lack of education * Lack of achievement The effects listed above are not only ones that affect the individual; they are effects that can be experienced by the individual’s family and friends too. The individual’s family can become isolated from society through trying to protect their family member and will often experience verbal abuse for having a family member that is perceived to be different. Family members can sometimes feel embarrassed about the shame
An Individual If person is discriminate he or she can fill excluded. This can lead to the person being withdrawn, avoiding social contacts and living in his/her “own word” , where the result would be usually depression. Discrimination also affects the quality of life. Person who has been discriminated may not receive quality services, his/her needs may not be met, which will cause for the person being unhappy and feeling miserable. Discrimination could also lead to loss of self-esteem, feeling stressed and unable to cope, loss of motivation, restricted
The FFA criterion is likely to result in different diagnosis when applied to people from different cultures, because the standard of one culture being used to measure another. Individual Differences is another limitation. Another difficulty with applying this definition is that some psychological disorders may not prevent a person from functioning adequately. People can maintain adequate function in the face of clinical depression or anxiety. Conversely, those who cannot hold down a job and support a family may not have a psychological disorder but may suffer due to difficult economic conditions.
They will have to retire from their jobs, which could result in the loss of social contacts. The loss of a loved one is devastating for older adults, also. These factors and others may lead to depression. “Depression has been defined as, hopelessness, helplessness, anxiety symptoms, memory complaints; loss of pleasure, slowed movements, irritability and loss of interest in personal care” (Goncalves, Albuquergue, Byrne, & Pachana, 2009. p.610). Depression could potentially reduce the quality of life and possibly increase medical morbidity and mortality in older adults.
This, combined with mood disturbances, can undermine relationships with family, friends, and co-workers. BPD disturbances also may include self-harm.  Without treatment, symptoms may worsen, leading (in extreme cases) to suicide attempts There is an ongoing debate between clinicians and patients worldwide regarding the term Borderline, and some suggest it be renamed, and called Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder. There is concern that the diagnosis of BPD stigmatizes people and is a discriminatory practice. It is common for those suffering from BPD and their families to feel confused by a lack of clear diagnosis, effective treatments and accurate information.
M1: Assess the effects on those using the service of THREE different discriminatory practices in health and social care. Marginalisation: treat a person or group as insignificant Marginalisation: GP Surgery An individual using this service may feel that their GP is treating them unfairly because of their sexual orientation. This could have many negative impacts on the individual, such as: feeling upset, angry, worthless, lowered self-esteem, they could feel as though they are losing their self-identity. All of the above could create a barrier for the individual to visit the GP because of the discrimination they are facing. They won’t be able to share their problems with their GP because the GP doesn’t consider the individual as important.
Feeling like this may lead the person to be paranoid towards telling staff personal information and may not receive the correct care if they do not tell staff their problems. Another effect present is marginalisation, the person may feel they have been marginalised because, due to prejudice they may receive different care and treatment to other patients or residents and because of this they may start to believe they are different to others and feel isolated because others are given better treatment to them. Restricted