Hannibal: Rome's Second Punic War

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General Hannibal Hannibal or Hannibal Barca was the leader of the military forces of Carthage that fought against Rome in the Second Punic War. Hannibal, who almost overpowered Rome, was considered Rome's greatest enemy. Hannibal was born in Carthage 247 b.c destined by his father to succeed him in the work of vengeance against Rome, he was taken to Spain, and while yet a boy he gave ample evidence of his military aptitude. Hannibal's first main victory against Rome was military success, in Saguntum, in Spain, precipitated the Second Punic War. During this war, Hannibal led the forces of Carthage across the Alps with elephants and achieved surprising military victories. However, when Hannibal lost at the Battle of Zama, in 202, Carthage…show more content…
battle between King Eumenes II of Pergamon and King Prusias I of Bithynia in Asia Minor, Hannibal served as commander of the Bithynian fleet. Hannibal used catapults to hurl pots filled with poisonous snakes into the enemy ships. The Pergamese panicked and fled, allowing the Bithynian’s to win. Hannibal’s Family: Hannibal was a son of Hamilcar Barca, the military leader of Carthage during the First Punic War in which he was defeated in 241 B.C. Hamilcar developed a base for Carthage in southern Spain, which helps explain the geography and transalpine adventure of the Second Punic War. When Hamilcar died, his son-in-law Hasdrubel took over, but when Hasdrubel died, 7 years later, in 221, the army appointed Hannibal general of the forces of Carthage in Spain. People considered Hannibal “Great”: Hannibal retained his reputation as a formidable opponent and great military leader even after Carthage lost the Punic Wars. Hannibal colors the popular imagination because of his treacherous trek with elephants across the Alps to face the Roman army. By the time the Carthaginian troops had finished the mountain crossing, he had about 50,000 troops and 6000 horsemen with which to face and defeat the Romans' 200,000. Although Hannibal ultimately lost the war, he managed to survive in enemy land, winning battles for 15

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