Horatio Nelson Biography

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Early life The webpage Wikipedia has following to say about Nelson's early life: Horatio Nelson was born on 29 September 1758 in a rectory in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, England, the sixth of eleven children of the ReverendEdmund Nelson and his wife Catherine. His mother, who died on 26 December 1767 when he was nine years old, was a grandniece of Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain. She lived in the village of Barsham, Suffolk, and married the Reverend Edmund Nelson at Beccles church, Suffolk, in 1749. Nelson attended Paston Grammar School, North Walsham, until he was 12 years old, and also attended King Edward VI’s Grammar School in Norwich. His naval career began on 1 January 1771, when…show more content…
British policy was to damage French trade by preventing French ships, including their navy, from moving freely in and out of French seaporrs. The commander of the British fleet, Admiral Horatio Nelson, won brilliant victories over the French navy, near the coast of Egypt, at Copenhagen, and finally near Spain, at Trafalgar in 1805, where he destroyed the French- Spanish fleet. Nelson was himself killed at Trafalgar, but became one of Britain's greatest national heroes. His words to the fleet before the battle of Trafalgar, "England expects that every man will do his duty, " have remained a reminder of patriotic duty in time of national danger. In the same year as Trafalgar, in 1805. A British army landed in Portugal to fight the French. This army, with its Portuguese and Spanish allies, was eventually commanded by Wellington, a man who had fought in India. But fight ing the French on land was an entirely different matter. Almost everyone in Europe believed the French army and its generals. to be the best in the world . Wellington was one of the very few generals who did not . "I am not afraid of them." he wrote on his appointment as commander. "I suspect that all the Continental armies were more than half beaten before the battle was begun . I, at least , will not be frightened beforehand ." Like Nelson he quickly proved to be a great commander. After several victories against French in Spain he invaded France. Napoleon, weakened by his disastrous invasion of Russia, surrendered in 1814. But the following year he escaped and quickly assembled an army in France. Wellington with the timely help of the Prussian army. Finally defeted Napoleon at Waterloo in Belgium in June 1815 (McDowall, 2003, p.

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