Han and Roman Technology DBQ Essay From the pestle and mortar of Han, China to the flowing aqueducts of the Roman Empire, technology was a big part of ancient civilizations. From the 2nd century BCE through the 1st century CE, both the Han and Roman empires were dealing with the advancements in technology. There were many different attitudes between the two empires, but there were also differences in opinion within the empires themselves. In the Han Empire, some believed that technology was an essential part of an empire and requires government intervention, while others saw it an expensive burden. In the Roman Empire, some believed that technology was necessary, but not necessarily enlightened, while others saw it as a way to show how great their civilization really was.
Each built their own roads to help the military and built walls, for instance the Great Wall of China in Han China, to protect themselves from invasions. The economy of each civilization differed because Han had much recourse while Rome only had metals. This gave Han a great boost because they did not have to rely on other countries as much. Rome and Han shared the same social view of the male
In the Han and Roman empires, the two cultures felt extremely different about their attitudes towards technology, but even within the cultures themselves, these attitudes were not necessarily the same. Hans believed that while technology was primarily for the lower class people, upper class people should invent these, and sometimes use them. However, the Roman empire seems to be thoroughly divided on their attitudes towards technology. Some of the documents seem to think that technology is not for the upperclass, and is in fact vulgar, but others seem to think that it is beautiful and useful, created by the lower class but used by both. The first four documents are from the Han dynasty, and two of them are from government officials, which would probably mean a weak bias on their part towards the government.
All over the world throughout history, there have been many different civilizations. However, while these civilizations are different, there are similarities as well. The regions of Han China and Imperial Rome are similar in the way of the use of bureaucracy, but different through the use of belief systems and in the role of the emperor. Both the empire of Han China and Imperial Rome used a bureaucracy as the form of political control. Bureaucracy is the delegation of power in government.
In his first section Paul says that “It is universally acknowledged that education is the key to economic success.” He is actually just stating that to make a generalization of most of the worlds thoughts on education and job success, because right after he makes that statement he goes on to say that “what everyone knows is wrong.” Krugman says that the growing technology and use of software is extremely cheaper than the “old fashioned” way of doing things. Such as using armies of lawyers and paralegals to do legal research. Basically, technology is reducing demand for highly educated workers. Another example he uses are engineers. He says technology is eliminating the need for them because you can make chips much simpler with a computer than a human worker.
Both dynasties made many great advancements, ecological and technological. The governments, however, had their own ways of maintain the political control over their regions. The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome methods for maintaining political control were similar in many ways, such as their uses of the military and their centralized governments. They do this because it makes the most logical sense and is one of the more simplistic, yet efficient ways to keep society in check. The two dynasties are also quite different in many ways, including the roles of the citizens and the governments ways
I INTRODUCTION Otherwise known as Taylorism, scientific management refers to “the systematic study of relationships between people and tasks for the purpose of redesigning the work process to increase efficiency” (Waddell 2013, p. 37). This system of management is clearly aimed at controlling the inevitable uncertainties that arise when humans enter the production process (Jaffee 2001, p. 51) and has many advantages including decreasing production costs and increasing efficiency. However, alongside these contributions, come the drawbacks of such a rigid theory. Although Taylorism is still used amongst some successful organisations of today, it can be argued that other management theories, such as behavioural management theories and contingency theories, focus more on key societal values such as individual empowerment and promoting employee initiative. Thus, these theories may be viewed as more socially acceptable and more relevant to today’s workplace environment.
Roman Architecture The creative and efficient design of roman architecture has influenced the features and theory behind many of our most admirable structures today. The Roman’s carry many successful buildings to their name as they greatly influenced the time in which they were introduced. Some of the Roman’s most recognized and appreciated innovations were the aqueduct, the roads, the dome and the invention of concrete. There are many reasons as to why the Roman building was so accepted, mostly because of their unique yet successful ideas and reliable materials. To start the Roman’s were a very advanced society.
Hybrid electrical cars/vehicles could be considered a radical innovation. We can say that auto manufacturer’s had to come up with a totally different thing, even though they were having a prototype in shape of combustion engines but that was totally different that the Hybrid one. Somehow yes, they are competence enhancing from industry’s, customers and environment perspective. It’s a natural phenomenon that if we have something in front of us, we tend to explore and further develop it as compared to not having an object present. When we have competition, people deliver the best out of what they have and the same applies in this where HEV’s have initiated a path which leads to better, safer, economical and environmental friendly vehicles, which may be achieved by enhancing Hydrogen combustion or Fuel cell technologies.
Technology can be defined as a science applied for practical purposes. Nowadays, when the rapidness of development and research is so impressive, it is easy to think about the advantages of modern technology. Nevertheless, some people argue that science can destroy mankind. It is also obvious that we are close to an era where technology is limited only by our own imaginations. Does technology go the right way and will it save or ruin our civilization, our way of learning and our life style?