Both the Han Chinese and the Romans made use of technology, and the ways the empires were affected and the way applied the technologies were of a vast spectrum. These societies valued innovation, and especially the Han would honour those culturally significant by attributing the creation of technologies commonly used under the Han to these culturally relevant figures. The effect of central-government and other forms of management on these technologies and their uses had both positive and negative effects. For the Han, a state-induced monopoly had a vastly harmful effect, and if the government had not interfered then the progress of the tools would not have been interrupted. The governing authorities again like to use culturally significant figures in the tales of innovation and invention and discovery.
Han and Roman Technology DBQ The Han and Roman societies had varying views about technology. The Hans however recognized technology as a much more valuable idea while the Romans saw it as something not as necessary. In document 1 a Han government official wrote to local officials telling them to establish more water conservation offices. He wrote in detail how he wanted it to be organized such as the scheduling of waterway inspections and hiring workers experienced with the “ways of the water.” This shows that this Han government official favored technology because he believed that the water conservation offices would be beneficial. Document 2 is written by Huan Guan, another Han government official, stating his views on the iron tools used to make salt and iron.
Keila Mosquea 3/3/15 AP World History Prep DBQ period 4 The Han and Roman attitudes towards technology were both praised greatly among themselves, but Han China valued technology more so than the Romans due to Han China’s constant concern about the empire while the Romans were indifferent. Han China’s attitudes toward technology displayed self-praise, which is reasonable due to the fact that the empire invented essential items like paper and acupuncture. Han China also felt that their technology should help the common people, as discussed in the letter a government official wrote about flood prevention, how people should “establish water conservation offices in each district” (Doc 1) to prevent the disaster. This displays a general concern for the people and/or property to aid the empire using technology. This concern is also expressed in the source written by Huan Guan, a government official where he tells about problems in society from lack of technology, such as iron plows.
In this document he expresses how Fuxi, a mythological wise emperor invented the pestle and the motor. After being improved and adding water power, the benefit that it had increased tremendously. This document shows the technologies being improved to affect the people in a positive way. Document four expresses that Tu Shih was a peaceful man and wished to save the peoples labor so he conceived a water powered blowing engine for the manufacture of iron agriculture implements. This document shows how technology was used to benefit the people and spare their labor.
The Romans and Han had a huge thing in common which was that they felt superior to the rest of the world. These two empires had many similarities but the way they viewed things was different. A thing that was very vital to both empires was water because without it they probably would have not been the empires that they were. The Romans had aqueducts, which benefitted any landowners, and they were very proud of according to Frontinus who said “The abundance of water is sufficient not only for public and private uses and applications but truly even for pleasure”. According to Huan Tan the Han used the water to make inventions because he said, “Water power was also applied (pestle and mortar)”.
Government played a minor role and cities did not offer public relief. Thinkers believed poor people should work hard to improve their own personal economy and not get government or anyone’s help. This would make America stronger. Freedom was defined as no government interference in the business of business. The economy would be ruled by natural laws of “survival of the fittest” and “supply and demand.” These ideas favored captains of industries like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller.
Not only did they westernized their education with modern sciences and modern life, but they also made a frame for the to establish laws and courts of justice (Document3). The British built a strong and efficient administration ran the government for the Indians, deciding that they would not be able to run their government properly, became a problem later for India. Imperialism may have been a positive force for India in many ways, but the economic gain benefitted
Firstly, in order to acquire the power economically, Gandhi utilized a spinning wheel and the traditional clothes of India to address their citizens not to purchase western clothes, which greatly contributes to Britain economy. In contrast with that, Mao did not fight against the government. He just simply reaped a lot of advocate by giving the lands to peasants, whose lands were taken away by the land owners, therefore they sank into poverty. Secondly, in order to make each of their countries better socially, Mao and Gandhi did the same sort of things. Gandhi was desperate to get rid of caste system, whereas Mao wanted to discard the Confucianism system.
Translates Euclidean elements of geometry to the Chinese which even the Communist party has acknowledged as having great historical importance. He also introduced clocks to the Chinese. Although his reasons for travelling such vast distances to the orient were to spread the faith of Jesus, the pinnacle of his success in the east is his
Like mentioned above, the literati were a group of scholars who truly believed man was good-natured and if left to their own wills would prove to be trustworthy and generous on their own. The literati represented the voices of merchants and farmers whose interests had been infringed on by the state’s monopolies (You, 2010). As such, the literati debated on why the market was not equitable and why the government should not be involved in such affairs. On the other hand, you had the Legalists who believed the people were evil and so put into place harsh laws to control them. They also wanted to keep the policies to fund the armies and keep the treasuries full, even if it meant the people would go into poverty.