The governing authorities again like to use culturally significant figures in the tales of innovation and invention and discovery. Even with such advanced politics and thought, a class distinction still persisted, and though they had seen the benefit of all this technology, there were those in the upper class who felt it was beneath them to use such tools in any way. T Innovation was of great value to both the Han and Romans. The Han placed a higher attribution to culturally relevant creators. For example, Huan Tan, an upper-class Han philosopher wrote in New Discourses (Document III) of an emperor of myth inventing and refining the pestle and mortar for all people.
This had a massive impact on the country as it had successfully stopped civil and political unrest which had previously been threating the harmony of the country. As it had been seen as a progressive force on behalf of ordinary people it received strong support from peasants and workers alike throughout the country. It also proved to the country that Chiang was an able diplomat resulting in higher public support. Nevertheless they were unsuccessful in entirely removing the warlords which meant there was always a constant threat of the warlords reforming and taking power once more. Although there failure of completely vanquishing the warlords there can be little doubt that Chiang was fairly successful in solving this domestic problem and the effects it would have on the country as it is probably that without him stabilising the political and social unrest civil war would have broken out in the country much early than it did.
In this document he expresses how Fuxi, a mythological wise emperor invented the pestle and the motor. After being improved and adding water power, the benefit that it had increased tremendously. This document shows the technologies being improved to affect the people in a positive way. Document four expresses that Tu Shih was a peaceful man and wished to save the peoples labor so he conceived a water powered blowing engine for the manufacture of iron agriculture implements. This document shows how technology was used to benefit the people and spare their labor.
He wrote about how Fuxi, a wise mythological emperor, was the inventor of the pestle and mortar. Huan Tan shows his support for the advancement of technology by using words such as “benefit” in the document. Document 4 tells about how Tu Shih was appointed governor of Nanyang. This document shows that the Hans believed technology was useful and beneficial when it tells how Tu Shih creates a water-powered blowing-engine for the casting of iron agricultural implements. The Romans were a bit less interested in the possible benefits of technology but still they used technology to an extent.
Regarding mao, He actually gained support by the things he did such as, giving his people better education and giving women more rights. Thus, Both Mao and Gandhi made their countries what they are today socially, economically, and politically. Although the things they wanted to do were alike, the way they actually did was dissimilar. Gandhi was a peaceful leader, no matter what happens, whereas Mao was a violent leader. China and
The Romans and Han had a huge thing in common which was that they felt superior to the rest of the world. These two empires had many similarities but the way they viewed things was different. A thing that was very vital to both empires was water because without it they probably would have not been the empires that they were. The Romans had aqueducts, which benefitted any landowners, and they were very proud of according to Frontinus who said “The abundance of water is sufficient not only for public and private uses and applications but truly even for pleasure”. According to Huan Tan the Han used the water to make inventions because he said, “Water power was also applied (pestle and mortar)”.
While both the Chinese and Roman empires conquered other lands, the Romans were more humane towards their conquered subjects. The Romans’ humane behavior towards conquered subjects led to more internal stability and also a lower chance of revolt. Han China conquered the regions of the Korean peninsula and of Vietnam; however, Han China enjoyed uncontested hegemony over these regions. Imperial Rome did not levy taxes on conquered subjects as opposed to Han China. Both empires allowed their citizens to contribute to the empire; however, they did so by different means.
Had China done otherwise, it would not have achieved its rapid economic development and profound improvement in the living standards of the Chinese people. China should continue to make development its top priority and stand firmly for peace and development, not only in China, but in the world at large. Second, Deng insisted that China should never seek hegemony. This policy of seeking no hegemony is still guiding China today. Even though China has become the second-largest economy in the world, and is expected to surpass the United States as the largest economy, possibly this decade, it does not seek hegemony or expansion.
Universal Health Care System There is a saying from Chinese, “Health is wealth”. In the United States, American government does not care a fig for healthcare system because American government thought American healthcare system is better than other countries in the world, and it had experiences about healthcare system. Some people think the Universal Health Care providing unfair coverage, high expense because of high taxes, and worse health. However, once people get sick or have some healthy problems, the Universal Health Care is the best support for them. In fact, the Universal Health Care will provide fairer coverage, lower costs, and better health to all citizens of the United States.
Although this is the most common definition, civilizations can and do exist on other levels. The first article presented a very valid point, it said that civilization belongs more to the mental than the physical world, which coincides with the Chinese belief. It also commonly stated that the word civilization entails in it an idea of continuous advancement politically, economically, socially, and technologically. However, it gave an example of a society using more primitive technology because their old fashioned tools were better suited to the conditions of the land. This was very interesting because it gave an example of a society taking a simplistic approach to technology yet still embodying the idea of a civilization.