Guns, Germs, And Steel

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Geography played a big role on how countries and developed. Its impact Papua New Guinea determined the country’s growth and development. It allowed the Spanish to conquer the Incan civilization, and affected European crop’s and people in the tropics of Africa. Geography’s impact on Papua New Guinea is what determined the country’s development. Papua New Guinea had a lack of native domesticated animals which made human labor even more important to the agriculture of the land than it already was. The land also had very little edible crop available. The very few crops that were available to them took too long to harvest and had very little nutritional value. The New Guinean technology was very basic compared to the European’s own. The people of the island still use stone and wooden tools to harvest crops and hunt for game. The Spanish were able to conquer the Incas despite the fact that they knew the country’s terrain better than the Spanish conquistadors did. The Spanish had the advantage over the Incas because they had something they didn’t: steel. Steel wasn’t the one thing that helped the Spanish conquer the Incan Civilization, however. The Spanish also had an invisible weapon at dispose to them: germs. It was germs and steel that allowed the conquistadors to conquer the civilization. The Incas’ immune system didn’t recognize a lot of the diseases that the Spanish brought with them because they didn’t have the same domesticated animals to pass on their diseases onto their own civilization. Germs and steel is what gave the advantage to the Spanish and caused the fall of the Inca. When European’s first arrived at Africa, they landed in Cape Good Hope. They built railroads, their key to transportation. Their crops grew just as they normally would. They conquered the Zulus, an aggressive, militaristic group. However, when the European’s entered the tropics

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