The cotton economy would collapse, The tobacco crop would dry in the fields, and the rice would cease being profitable. Slaves were a key element in the livelihood of the south. One argument supporters made in defense of slavery was that the crop depended on cheap labor to be profitable. If slavery ceased to exist, plantation owners would be forced to hire from elsewhere in order to maintain their crops. Slaves were considered property, thus they worked for much cheaper than any other hired help would.
Columbus’s exploration of the New World ended lives and heritage of many people. The Discovery of the New world was later on followed by series of minor developments in navigation, geography, astronomy and economy through the Atlantic circuit but in contrast it even these minor devalopments were ”Not..worth price of human lives.”(Sale 188). Additionally Europeans imposed and substituted their institutions, ideas,languages, cultures, technologies and economy for the New World’s original heritage and language. Also” it gave birth to the most infamous and the most atrocious of all traffics, that of slave, the most execrable of crimes against nature (Reynal /190)”. Ships of African slaves crossed the Atlantic to the Americas to work on European sugar and tobacco plantations under the harshest conditions, which led to an end of many slaves’ lives.
Europe quickly became the dominant region over the economic aspects of the Columbian Exchange, however their social influence in the Americas and Africa developed slower during the time period of 1492 to 1750. In the mid-fifteenth century, European interest in Africa expanded from goods to incorporate slaves. Europeans began to take over African civilizations and keep natives as their slaves. This was not a new practice to keep war captives as slaves. However the Europeans began to export these African slaves across the globe to established colonies in both North and South America for the first time.
Capitalist development and economic downturn eroded American workers sense of pride and progress throughout the sixty years leading up to 1840. Beginning after 1844, mass immigration from Europe to the United States gave American business owners and employers a new source of cheap human labor, which further undermined organized American labor. Most of these immigrants were unskilled Catholic Irish and German agricultural workers. American working class Protestants despised them for their faith and heritage, in addition to their poverty. Likewise, by the 1840s, the free black population in the U.S. had expanded due to the emerging belief that slavery was immoral.
From Document 2, it shows that the South relies on slavery for their economy. According to Document 3, some people in the South, such as Hinton Helper, did not like that, and thought their economy was weak. The North, according to Document 2, had a better economy and made about $1,345,000,000 more yearly in manufactured goods than the South. The South required more and more slaves in order to keep their economy running. Plantations were a big part of the economy in the South because that’s where they grew their cotton, and without slaves, the plantations would die.
A lot of these Indentured servants were convicts which had to work in the colonies as a form of punishment, but they were free to go after 4-7 years of working. They were given ‘freedom dues’ which usually included a piece of land and supplies. Indentured servants were also rewarded with money for their time working. African slaves replaced these indentured servants due to the belief by Europeans that Africans would be able to adjust better to the harsh heat. African slaves were also a cheaper option, as they did not get paid for their work on the plantations.
Spanish missionaries and conquistadors sought to convert the people of the New World and establish dominance overseas. To do this, they needed the labor of African slaves, leading to another mass migration. This migration helped explode the population of the New World since so many people came to the Americas with the promise of cheap land and easy living. Migration was a heavy factor in the changes to the Native American population for this migration. The people of the Old World brought their diseases with them, which took advantage of the Native Americans inexistent antibodies toward illnesses like smallpox- which brought about massive and catastrophic population decreases for the Native Americans, about 80-90%.
Another problem with food distribution is that governments, like those in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are exporting crops to countries willing to pay higher prices as opposed to feeding its own people (Haviland, 2011, 2008). This practice was the cause of a famine in India during its colonial days, when British rulers used Indians to produce cash crops to support its manufacturing plants in the U.K. Because the land and labor was utilized to produce export crops, there were little resources left to farm crops to feed the people of India and led to a revolutionary uprising of the Indian people against the British (Lancaster,
Then that would have hurt the economy on exporting also. Colonization in a concept is not a wonderful thing because one is taking over and deleting their culture and it requires a war. However, as of result it was beneficial to Argentina. It is not like Argentineans have been treated as slaves of Europeans like they did to Africa where the economy could not grow, but Argentina was more like new Europe in South America because many Europeans have immigrated and found new home there. Spanish and other Europeans developed and grew the country not stopping and torturing the country's progress.
It means that some Europeans, because of their situations, could not go to the New World; so they decided to put themselves at the service of somebody else for a definite period in order to reach the Americas and start a new life. They were as slaves. Another fact is that Europe got a richer nutrition thanks to all the crops raised in America. Moreover there was the decrease of the American population because of the diseases brought by the Europeans such a smallpox. To summarize we can say that here again, Europe was the dominant nation because it gained on economic and social aspects.