In the early as the 15 century, England passed from raising sheep and producing wool, an agricultural activity, to manufacturing cloth. This signaled the beginning of capitalist production. It is in capitalist production that we can locate the basic cause of the slave trade. The slave ship sailed from the home country with a cargo of manufactured goods. These were exchanged at a profit on the coast of Africa for Negroes, who were traded on the plantations, at another profit, in exchange for a cargo of colonial produce to be taken back to the home country.
Slavery in the spanish colonies first started when settlers enslaved natives using then to work on local labor. When the portuguese had an increase in the demand of agricultural products they needed workers but many lives were being talke from native slave, they were not working hard, and diseases from the new world were killing them. this was when they noticed that Aficans were immune to the conditions and diseases. Being a slave in Africa was good for some but ever since the Portuguese came in to the slave trade, life for a slave became harsh. The main reason why the portuguese enslaved aficans was so they can have men to work on plantations.
African societies were affected greatly by both the Atlantic and Trans-Saharan networks. Slavery existed in Africa long before the formation of these slave trading networks. The most common slaves were prisoners of war and sometimes criminals. Slaves were purchased by fellow Africans; they were greatly valued in African societies, because they were used to measure wealth. The slave trades benefited the African societies that had control over the slave trades, because they maintained the merchandise (slaves) in their possession.
Analyze the Origins and Development of Slavery in Britain’s North America Slavery has long been imprinted onto the image of the Americas; it has augmented and sporadically blackened the history of the colonial North America. It has roots so deep and complex in the primeval days of the Americas that the survival of the country owing to slavery can be easily asserted. Many factors contributed to the development of slavery in colonial America; these include the positive effects it had on the economical and population growth of the populace, the growth of capitalism, and the rise of individualism. The early origins of slavery in North America can be traced to the preexisting slave trade already flourishing between other European nations and Africa. Slavery was such a vital part in the cultivation of cash crops such as sugarcane that it was introduced to North America with its colonization.
APUSH Unit 1 Essay: The Colonial Period Slavery was a major part of southern colonial life between 1607 and 1775, and grew exponentially due to the encouragement of the economic, geographic, and social factors in the Southern colonies during that era. Things such as large plantations, cheap labor, and misconceptions of the African race greatly affected the way slavery was viewed in the American colonies. Often, it was thought of as a necessary evil; or, even more often, just necessary. There were many factors that gave the colonists this opinion of slavery, and I will discuss just a few of the major ones. In the Southern colonies, the main source of economic growth was agriculture, specifically the planting and harvesting of tobacco, indigo, rice, and sugar cane, which were the staple crops of the region.
The Slave trade contributed to the Sugar trade. The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th through to the 19th centuries. The vast majority of those enslaved that were transported to the New World, many on the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, were West Africans from the central and western parts of the continent sold by West Africans to Western European slave traders, or by direct European capture to the Americas. More slaves were sent to the south instead of the north in order to develop goods. According to Sydney W. Mintz’ Sweetness and Power:The place of Sugar in Modern History, states “Sugar as a sweetener came to the fore in connection with three other exotuc imports-tea, coffee, and chocolate- of which one, tea, became and has since remained the most important nonalcoholic beverage
Chattel Slavery and Indentured Servants Indentured servitude differed from chattel slavery because indentured servants are people who were willing to work to get transportation, land, clothes, food, or shelter instead of money. In chattel slavery, people are considered property instead of workers or servants. They can only be free when they purchased themselves or when their masters allowed them to be. Indentured servants get to be released when they have worked their part of the deal. Slaves don't get much in return for their work.
Andre Oliva Over the course of colonial and American history, the use of slavery became a huge driving force in the agricultural prosperity of the southern part of the English Colonial territories, which eventually spread out to the rest of the English territories over time. Unbeknownst to most, indentured servitude was the system that laid the foundation for the lucrative slave system – So why was it phased out in favor of slavery? Indentured servants were people that couldn’t afford the trip over to the new world, instead choosing to pay the price of the voyage with labor. Once they paid off their debt, servants were able to leave, get a small farm of their own, and grow their own crops for a living- Because of this the amount of indentured servant’s available dwindled, making the small amount of indentured servants too expensive to buy. African slaves on the other hand, were very available according to records from the “Estimated Immigration into the thirteen colonies and the United States…1607-1819” statistical table- There were 33,200 slaves available in the years 1607-1699, and 278,400 slaves available 1776-1809- An increase of 245,200 slaves.
Why Slavery in the U.S.? Is there a Debt? Slavery is important to understand the history of the United States and the role Africans played in making this country what it is today because slavery built the economy of the U.S. And as its legacy, slavery has left a stubborn impression on the soul of the America, which in turns affects race, religions and gender in many ways. Considering that United States enslaved my fellow human Africans to build its economy, and make itself one of the wealthiest and most power nations in the world today, those who benefited from slavery owe reparations to the children of the slaves. Slavery built the U.S.’s economy.
As mentioned by William Harper, “The cultivation of the great staple crop cannot be carried on without slaves.” (Harper, Memoir in Slavery, 1837) In a time of western expansion and the cotton boom, some slave traders were able to accumulate great wealth from the slave-trading business and sought opportunities to acquire higher social status and financial stability. A con of slavery was when slaves were driven mercilessly to plant, cultivate, and harvest the crops for market. A failed crop meant the planter could lose his initial investment in land and slaves and possibly suffer bankruptcy. A successful crop could earn such high returns that the slaves were often worked beyond human endurance. Plantation masters argued callously that it was cheaper to work the slaves to death and then buy new ones than it was to allow them to live long enough and under sufficiently healthy conditions that they could bear children to increase their numbers.