There were three different regime in ancient Greek society. Firstly, Sparta maintained a strong militaristic regime under aristocratic leadership. However, they had weak trading activities and merchants were managing by some milirary rules. Secondly, Athens the most famous city-state, was about the size of the state of Rhode Island. Athens ruled
The bureaucrats would have to go through an early form of a civil service exam in order to earn a lawmaking position at stages of government, such as local, regional, and federal. However, Stearns describes the Han Empire as the largest political system in the classical world. Stearns’s bias can be seen here and must be considered. (Doc. 7)However, Classical Athens’s government is a democracy, not entirely a modern democracy like the United States, but was nonetheless
Persian and Peloponnesian War Review Sheet Jeremy Mekker 1. Greco-Persian War a. People i. Darius - First Persian king during the Greco-Persian war ii. Xerxes - Succeeded Darius when he died (2nd part of war) iii. Miltiades - democratic general given power by Aristides iv.
In Athens, Greece, Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who wrote a book called Politics, describing the laws and the type of government the people of Athens lived under in 350 B.C. These two ancient civilizations were 1,430 years apart from each other. In those 1,430 years, one can conclude that politics and laws would have advanced since the time of Babylon. By the time of Aristotle, the Greek laws were far less harsher than those of Babylon. In the Code of Hammurabi, used in Mesopotamia, almost every law that was broken was punishable by death.
A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because they lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. The political power of Athens is based on economic power. Democracy is based on middle class economic power. In slow evolution towards democracy, as their trade increased, Athenian craftsmen and merchants had enough money to purchase their own weapons.
The Spartan King ruled supremacy over his one hundred Spartan bodyguards. In fact, being part of the Kings squad held great honor and meant that they were as what they would call a true Spartan. During a war, only one of the kings went into battle while the other stayed in Sparta. This is evidently told by Herodotus as he states that this ‘conflict between Kings Cleomenes and Demaratus is what finalized this decision in a time around 507 BC. Following on, the King would generalize and plan out military campaigns.
One similarity that both styles shared was their use of colonnades. With the Greeks believing in the values of equality and proportion, they developed three distinct types- the Doric, the Ionic, and the Corinthian. The Doric was the earliest type developed as well as the plainest of the three. The Ionic was considered to be more elaborate than the Doric. Both of these types were favorites within Greek architecture (Sayre).
Athenian Democracy | | |Democracy in Athens was not perfect but it was better than other government systems around in the 5th century. Much of this| |is owed to a few key figures in Athenian history including Solon, Cleisthenes, and Pericles. Initially, Athenian democracy | |was triggered by the economic upheavals that led to Solon’s rise in the 4th century. And later by political upheaval that | |led to first, the overthrow of Pisistratus’ son, Hippias, and second, the rise of Cleisthenes based on his seeking the | |direct support of the people through demokratia. In this way, Cleisthenes moved Athens from an oligarchy to a democracy.
The Greeks and Romans were two strong societies that brought great things to the Mediterranean. These two societies although always thought to be the same, were far more different than alike in a number of ways from the way they lived to how they treated women. The Roman society adopted many things from the Greeks, but always adding their own beliefs or style. One difference was the styles of governing. The Greeks were a democratic society, believing that the power should be given to a group of men instead of only a single leader.
They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron god of a city for success in war. Ionic Doric The earliest monumental buildings in Greek architecture were the temples. Since these were solidly built and carefully maintained, they had to be replaced only if destroyed. There were two main orders of early Greek architecture, the Doric and the Ionic, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology. The Doric style, which originated around 400 BCE brought rise to a whole new type of building technique and style, and was used in mainland Greece and spread to the Greek colonies in Italy.