Greek and Roman Architecture

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Greek and Roman Architecture Naomi Berthiaume ART/101 Jamie Welch April 19, 2013 Any type of architecture that you study has taken certain aspects from past periods, whether it is the exterior design, the use of certain features, or just the building type in general. Two of the iconic types would have to be Greek and Roman architecture. Both Greek and Roman architecture share similarities, but they also have some differences from one and other. While Roman architecture was greatly influenced by the Greek style, Greek architecture was influenced by the Egyptian building styles and art. One similarity that both styles shared was their use of colonnades. With the Greeks believing in the values of equality and proportion, they developed three distinct types- the Doric, the Ionic, and the Corinthian. The Doric was the earliest type developed as well as the plainest of the three. The Ionic was considered to be more elaborate than the Doric. Both of these types were favorites within Greek architecture (Sayre). The Corinthian was a favorite among Roman architecture. It was considered even more decorative than the Ionic styles used by the Greeks. Another similarity they share is their wiliness to dominate the site of the architecture. The Greeks believed that intellect is superior to forces of nature, while the Romans wanted their architecture to dominate the sites. A third similarity was their ability to be innovative during their time periods. Along with their innovations when it came to their temples, the Greeks also had the ability to create very life-like and dynamic sculptures, something that the Romans constantly struggled with during their time. Because of this, a lot of their sculptures were just replicas of Greek sculptures with small adaptations and changes occurring. One of the most innovative steps that the Romans took with their

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