Ancient Greek architecture is a product of the Hellenic and the Hellenistic people. Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, most of which are found in the region as ruins. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration, particularly in the temples. Most often these temples are raised on the high grounds so that the beauty of the well illuminated structure can be enjoyed from a good distance away in all angles. Although limestone was available the building material primarily used was stone, especially high quality marble.
The Parthenon vs. The Pantheon The Parthenon and Pantheon are both significant and creative structures that have great importance during their respective times. Perikles commissioned the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to design the Parthenon in 447 BCE in the Acropolis of Athens in Greece. Although the Pantheon was designed and constructed entirely during the reign of the emperor Hadrian, the inscriptions states that It was built by Emperor Marcus Agrippa around 27 – 25 BCE in Rome. They both come from two different cultures and times but show many similarities in their overall symbolism and meaning.
The Ancient Greeks continue to influence our lives today in three prominent ways: architecture, politics, and medicine. In present day, Western architecture owes a heavy debt to the classical styles of Ancient Greece. Ancient Greeks started building temples of worship to their gods at about 600 B.C. One defining feature in these temples was the distinctive column styles known as Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These can be most easily defined and identified by each column’s capital.
Alex Perez Comparison and Contrast between Greek and Roman Cultures Greek and Roma civilizations were two famous societies that influenced many countries and cultures around the world. Until today, a few customs and ideals remain from their contributions to laws and society in general. Historically, Greece fell to the Romans. When they demolished them, still decided that they really liked Greek culture. So, Romans adopted many of Greek characteristics into their own culture, and individually developed it.
The Classical City of Olympia The classical Greek city has a variety of certain styles that have proven to be typical for the time period which the cities had been erect and populous. The chief building material used in ancient cities was stone, with the exception of the timber and roof ceiling. Buildings were decorated with terra-cotta and everything was marble cut in large blocks which were fastened together with clamps and dowels. How the ancient Greeks used lighting is also a distinguishing characteristic of their ancient cities. They also knew how the light interacted with the architecture to create seemingly massive and overpowering spaces that defined their building shapes and colors.
These qualities are presented through their pottery, sculpture, and architecture. What sparked the Greek’s aesthetic and where they drew their inspirations from is still being questioned but we have some idea; to create a great piece of art one must first decide the aesthetic in which s/he wants to present to the viewer. “Greek temples reflected their religious beliefs in the gods and their lives were dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful, they also had a social purpose as they were often built to
The Classical period stretched from 600 BCE to 350 CE and centered in Greece and Rome. The philosophy and refinement of these societies has influenced the course of Western thought to the modern day. The artwork of this time has come to represent not just a structure and taste in design, but a way of life that remains a part of Western life. The civilization of Ancient Greece was centered on religious practice. In most Greek city-states the most powerful individual was the high priest or priestess of the city’s patron deity.
Savage: Greek's War History and Culture Through the story of Achilles in Iliad Trina Gabrelle Samson US11 Duke Savage: Greek Culture and History The Greeks, or Hellenes, mighty, powerful, intelligent. They have given the world a lot more than what people think. Research tells us that the Greek’s have given us the word ‘democracy’, the word meaning. “people’s rule”, they also gave us theater (comedy, drama, tragedy, etc.) which has given us a step towards the entertainment we have today.
Modern day Athens has managed to maintain an ancient landscape.? The Acropolis and the Agora are two major features of ancient Greece that have a home in this metropolitan city.? Both of these ancient sites preserve their power and mystery in a modern day world. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, an agora is an open space in ancient Greek cities that served as both a meeting place and as an area for various civic activities (?Agora?).? The Agora of ancient Athens was rebuilt after the Persian Wars (490-449 BC) in response to a lengthy period of wealth and peace in the city (ibid).?
History argues that the Persians had mighty temples to worship past kings, and advanced engineering. The people of the Persian empire lived a very elaborate life and were innovative in everything they did. In Herodotus's first argument he states that the Persians didn’t have temples to worship past kings. Evidence argues that this is an untrue statement, in fact the persians had massive temples for kings. King Cyrus wished for his temple to be located in Pasargadae.