This decreased the income of money going into the government which was used for military and other government worthy things. The result of that led to higher taxation on citizens which made the people of Rome upset and ended up having less money to buy necessities and other things to keep the economy rolling. Another important reason was the abundance of slaves in Rome. The large quantity of slaves help lead to the growth of latifundia which is large land estates, consisting mostly of slaves for farming. This ruined the farmers of Rome which in result, they drifted to cities that helped add more unemployment to the cities.
Centuries after the Rise of Rome and their extraordinary historical achievements, was their collapse. This was caused by the combination of numerous political, economic and social factors or otherwise known as the P.E.S. These problems included corruptions in both the military and resource productions, and of course their continuous failed attempts of expanding their empire resulting in others and even their own society to turn and rebel against them. Political factors involve people and organizations with such power, these include powerful emperors, leaders and empires. Although if people with such power are unable to maintain control, their society usually collapses and resolves in chaos.
And to top it all off both of these empires fail for similar reasons. The Han Empire collapsed for reasons such as: undetermined emperors could no longer control powerful warlords, weak emperors let canals and roads fall into disrepair, because of the weak government people started to turn on each other and lose control. But the most important reason for the empire collapsing was because of the economic inequality. Burdened by heavy taxes and crushing debt many peasants revolted destroying the civilization. While this collapse took very little time to happen, the Roman Empire’s decline took about a century to occur.
But the empire were very inconsiderate and silly as people were paying the taxes by growing and harvesting crops which they would sell to the markets in order to pay for the taxes. The markets then started to bring in less money as there were fewer products being sold to the markets. They then had to raise the taxes leaving more people in poverty, which also caused many deaths. This is just one reason for the collapse for the Empire. The second reason for the collapse of the army was Religion, Christianity that had a massive influence on a lot of the population of
Expenses grew, such as the cost of defense, so the government raised taxes. In addition, they minted more coins made of less metal each. This caused the economy to suffer from inflation. Secondly, politics declined which added to the downfall of Rome. The key problem in politics was the lack of loyalty.
From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people. The public did not support the Weimar, and the administrative branch of the government, including the Judiciary, also teachers did not back it up either. Mass unemployment, damages to the infrastructure also from World War One, and the demand for reparation payments put lots of pressure on the inexperienced democracy. Not only in Germany, but all over Europe, fundamental and anti-democratic movements gained support. 2.
Trade was also disrupted which caused a level of instability in the economy. Finally, war and taxes price increased. Larger, healthier and better trained armies were needed. Most governments started to rely on paid mercenaries to do their fighting for them. The problem with mercenaries is that they were expensive to obtain and even more expensive to retain.
At this point in Rome’s history, it had stopped expanding and as a result stopped gaining wealth from conquering other countries. Also, during this period where Rome was not gaining any revenue, inflation started to occur. Inflation is the result of the devaluation of money. Most of Rome’s currency was silver coins and as a result of the empire not gaining any more wealth from the system, they reduced the amount of silver used in the coins. Because of this, roman citizens were charging higher prices for items so they would be receiving the same amount of silver.
Germans were forced to pay for various repairs across different country what inevitably caused damage to country’s economy. The instability across the nation has been consistently rising, and the ruling government had to resign. In Italy the dissatisfaction of the nation with the government has also been significant, especially taking into account the defeat at Ceporetto or the collapse of the economy, which over past years was based on manufacturing weapons and other equipment that was needed for participation in the war. Both in Italy and Germany people were desperate for a change, they needed economic growth and development. There were no jobs, poverty was spreading.
The first revolution in 1917 overthrew the Tsar, hoping that a new government would be formed, and that this new government would end the war. The war had caused the price of food to be multiplied by seven, had weakened the government, which received less money since alcohol sale had been forbidden, and the state had a monopoly on alcohol. The soldiers sent to the front were exhausted and had lost hope, and many of them did not want to fight anymore. Thus, when the Provisional Government came to power and did not do anything to end the war, people were still hungry and angry. This is very important because food is one of the most important and basic things people want, and lots of revolutions broke out because of famine.