The feeling swept especially throughout Britain that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh, and Germany should be able to make some amendments to its more extreme elements. The British were not willing to go to war, nor prepared. However Appeasement regardless of the reason failed as it only encouraged Hitler. The result of the appeasement policy was that Britain and France did nothing more than diplomatically protest when Hitler violated the peace treaty. Hitler then announced to the world he was following a policy of re armnent in March 1935 by largely increased military manpower though conscription and announcing the creation of the Luftwaffe of 2500 planes.
What impact did Nazism have on the German population? After coming into power in 1933 it became their aim to create a totalitarian state headed by Hitler, under which they could control the everyday lives of the German people. They hoped to achieve this through organisation and to discourage any form of thinking that was not part of the state approved ideology. The Nazis impacted on the German people by controlling key institutions such as the army, the education system, the church and employment. There is strong debate as to whether the Nazis provoked a social revolution in Germany and if they had a lasting impact on the lives of the German people.
This was a ‘catch-all’ name conforming to the aim of the party: to have as many supporters as possible and appeal to the Pan Germans and Working class. Hitler therefore redefined socialism by placing the word 'National' before it. He claimed he was only in favor of equality for those who had "German blood". Jews and other "aliens" would lose their rights of citizenship, and immigration of non-Germans should be brought to an end. After the failure of the Knapp Putsch the Freikorps were disbanded and Hitler got a few key members to act as an army for the party, giving them the name of the S.A, and instructing them to disrupt the meetings of political opponents and protect Hitler from revenge attacks.
Antigone believed that the power of the gods was greater than the power of any king. Antigone shows, thru civil disobedience, that breaking some of
societies laws is both a right and responsibility. This ideal was also exhibited by some German youth in World War II that organized the passive resistance movement, The White Rose. The White Rose was a non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor. The group became known for an anonymous leaflet campaign that called for active opposition to Adolf Hitler.
He was also under threat from other groups especially the Communist Party. After the Wall Street Crash ( October 1929) many people looked to extremist groups such as the Nazi and Communist Parties. People blamed the Social Democrats who were linked to the Weimar Republic for the economic failure and this is why popularity grew for the Nazi Party. It was essential to gain a two thirds majority in the Reichstag if Hitler hoped to pass any laws of his own. So one of the first things Hitler did after becoming Chancellor was to dissolve the Reichstag and call for a fresh election on the 5th March 1933.
Hindenburg couldn't oppose against the public's choice otherwise he would be going against the democratic ‘Weimar republic’ regulation of including the people’s views. Overall, Hitler’s popularity with the nation was one of the main reasons why he was appointed as chancellor. He promised things to a variation of people that not many other politicians had offered. Secondly, because of the propaganda that was responsible for the change of peoples view's of the
In 1932 Hitler won 230 seats in the Reichstag, making the Nazi party the largest in the Reichstag automatically making Hitler Chancellor. But it wouldn’t work like that. President Hindenburg, Franz von Papen and General von Schleicher all hated and distrusted Hitler so it was not going to be easy for Hitler to become Chancellor. Hindenburg could however see that Hitler and the Nazis could prove helpful so he appointed von Papen as Chancellor. Von Papen had no support in the Reichstag but he hoped that he could ‘get in’ with the Nazis and other right-wing parties.
Hitler was to blame is the common answer. By attacking Poland on all fronts, instead of occupying Danzig and the corridor, showed that Hitler was intent on conquering non German's, not simply to recover the German's lost as a result of the Versailles Treaty. Martin Gilbert ("The Appeasers," p.112), argues that Hitler's motive was to remove the stigma of Germay's defeat in WW 1. Hugh Trevor-Roper ("The failure of Appeasement", p.188) says that Hitler intended on a major right from the start because he hated communism and wanted to crush the USSR so the destruction of Poland was only the preliminary to his main goal. His non-aggression pact with the USSR was a fraud.
Hitler could not achieve the solid control over the masses which he had, if he did not have the help of the so called powerful propaganda machine. Propaganda had been vital in winning the Nazis support that helped them come into power. As Goebbels stated in 1934 “Propaganda was [their] sharpest weapon in conquering the state, and remains [their] sharpest weapon in maintaining and building up the state”. The reason why Nazis relied on propaganda was first to keep the population contented and second win support for particular policies. Another rather ambitious aim of theirs was to indoctrinate the people with their Weltanschauung or in other words they were aiming to turn the population into committed members of their Volksgemeinschaft (a community whose members would be Aryan, genetically healthy, socially useful and politically committed to the regime).
The Impact of Hitler’s Rise to Power on Germany When examining whether or not Hitler was successful … it is important to bear in mind the following objectives Hitler aimed to achieve while in power: 1. Restoration of Germany as the leading country of Europe 2. Ensuring the racial purity of the German nation 3. Establishment of complete Nazi control over the state |POLITICAL |SOCIAL |ECONOMIC | |Democracy in Germany was Destroyed |The German People had Little Freedom |Three Main Economic Aims: | | | |To reduce unemployment | |Hitler used his power as Chancellor to |Fear: |To build up the German weapons industry | |wipe out democracy as he felt it was an |Emergency Laws were passed which suspended |To achieve economic self-sufficiency | |obstacle to restoring Germany’s greatness|political and civil rights. People could be |(autarky) | | |arrested on suspicion of anti-government | | |In order to allow the Nazis to gain full |activities and held indefinitely in prison.