Wilson stated, “No people must be forced under sovereignty under it does not wish to live. (Wilson, p. 71)” However, for Wilson’s plan to work scores of Germans in Prussia and in the West had to be displaced. Even though some areas were given plebiscites, he still had forced his vision on them. The creation of Yugoslavia out of many small ethnic states created a potential powder keg. As well, the only way that the Wilson plan would have survived the political intrigue of the Europeans was either through a league that had real teeth, or a super power willing to intervene as a worldwide police officer.
The Reichstag Fire led to the Enabling Act because Hitler had managed to convince Hindenburg that it was a ‘communists uprising’. This manages Hitler to prove to Germany that communists were bad people and he would have get more votes, in the next elections. However, I also disagree with the statement ‘the Reichstag Fire more important than the Enabling Act in allowing Hitler to consolidate power’ because of other several reasons. Firstly, the Enabling Act made a Hitler a virtual dictator. Nobody could stop him, even Hindenburg.
Assess the view that the most important element in maintaining Hitler's regime in power between 1933 and 1945 was the consent of the German people There was an original view that the German people feared the regime but there has been a view put forward that the German people actually helped the regime by participating with the Gestapo but still many people believe that the German populace lived in fear of the regime. This was because of many different reasons like the use of Propaganda to control the minds of the Germans. The use of fear to make sure that they acted in the way that the regime demanded. Another key element in the regime was the use of fear to scare the Germans into supporting them. The removal of the opposition was also a useful fact into the Nazis staying in power.
Although these leaflets advocated these ideas, they also advised only peaceful action such as petitioning to repeal the Conscription Act which instituted the first draft in the Civil war. Schenck was charged with conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act by attempting to cause insubordination in the military and to obstruct recruitment. This case was very important at this time because in some ways it was a security risk. Ultimately, this incident would lead to one of the most important Supreme Court cases of this time period. Like stated before, Schenck was the Secretary of the Socialist Party.
(Document 6) As written in The Origins of the Second World War, by A.J.P. Taylor, if more countries kept getting involved with the issue of the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia would have been safe. Taylor also thought that German people were the only ones in the world who can “turn Hitler out” This was to be thought because the Germans were the ones who put him into power in the first place. “The appeasers” feared that the loss of Germany would result in the domination of Europe” (Doc
The limited nature of the revolution was one of the main factors which weakened prospects for democracy, when Ebert was trying to form a government he still had a problem that the radical communists were still looking to turn Germany into a communist state similar to the Soviet Union and thus to put down this rebellion and get support of the army he made an agreement with Groener. The agreement was that the army would support the government if the army and civil service were left unchanged. This was the main reason that democracy was irreversibly weakened, because the civil service and army generals were all right-wing conservatives providing a powerbase for the radical right. This limited democracy because the radical right thought that democracy was weak and indecisive, the radical right though was weakened because the radical left was way more powerful initially in post war Germany, but the radical right would help democracy until the radical left was no longer a threat and would act as ticking time bomb of support. This could have acted as a powerbase for the Kapp Putsch and the eventual rise of the Nazis.
n 1919, Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder and Dietrich Eckart formed the German Worker's Party (GPW) in Munich. The German Army was worried that it was a left-wing revolutionary group and sent Adolf Hitler, one of its education officers, to spy on the organization. Hitler discovered that the party's political ideas were similar to his own. He approved of Drexler's German nationalism and anti-Semitism but was unimpressed with the way the party was organized. Although there as a spy, Hitler could not restrain himself when a member made a point he disagreed with, and he stood up and made a passionate speech on the subject.
This common message, not only between the two works in discussion but in many others, is that of the duty of the people themselves to disobey unjust laws and demands of the government in question. In most forms of civil disobedience, the main driving force is that of the participating individual’s disagreement with the common law of the government, sometimes referred to as human law, and their personal moral beliefs which are sometimes referred to as divine or natural law. Sophocles’ “Antigone” provides a clear example of such a conflict in beliefs where in the
Believing that the constitution is evil, to say the least, Thoreau states that the only way to win as a whole is to take action accepting all consequences thrown their way. “For it matters not how small the beginning may seem to be: what is once done well is done forever” (Thoreau 2.8). Bringing up the wealthy in his essay Thoreau feels that with more money comes a loss of virtue. No longer focusing on self-moral’s but more focused on what to spend their wealth on. As a part of his plan to go against the rules set by the government Thoreau refuses to pay a poll-tax given to him by a preacher as a way to show reader’s that it is not the government who protects one’s property it is man himself who protects his own belongings.
In July 1933, representatives of the various Protestant churches wrote a constitution for the church. Most Protestant churches accepted Nazi domination, but some individuals did not, and denounced the Third Reich, and refused to be associated with the reichskirche. At a council of Protestant leaders in 1936, the Professor Karl Baarth and Pastor Martin Niemoller formed the Confessional Church. In 1936 the Confessional Church wrote an open letter to Hitler, objecting to his interference in religious matters and also to his anti-Semitic policies. The Nazi reaction was swift.