General von schleicher stopped supporting von papen and decided he himself should become chancellor, this triggered of a power struggle between von schleicher nd von papen, which ended with them handing power to Hitler. Hitler was made Chancellor in 1933 after von Papen persuades Hindenburg. Von Papen thought that as long as there were a limited number of Nazis in the cabinet then Hitler could be controlled. Von Papen was wrong. Another thing was there was the weakness of the Weimar government, which played its part.
The reality is there was no one individual cause for Hitler’s rise to power; it was combination of all of these situations which fit together like pieces in a puzzle to create a unique situation for Hitler’s emergence to dictatorship. While Hitler’s chance to take power in Germany did not occur until the 1930’s, factors that made this possible were already occurring in the early 1920’s when Adolf was still a mere street painted in Vienna. When the Germans heard about the Treaty of Versailles which ended War War One, they felt ‘pain and anger,’ and felt it was too harsh and unfair. The Weimar government it brought about was despised by many Germans, as it caused large government coalitions where decisions could not be made. Hitler’s While there was a brief “Golden Age” of economic upturn, the death of Gustav Stresemann and especially the Wall Street Crash put a quick end of this.
Although Hitler was appointed chancellor, the Nazi party was still outnumbered in the cabinet, so when the election was called in February 1933 Hitler knew that he must once again win the support of the public. At the same time a Communist Dutch named Marinus Van De Lubbe burnt down the Reichstag building which coincidently tremendously helped the Nazi party to consolidate its power. The event caused country wide panic and Hitler and the Nazi party used this panic to their advantage. They blamed communism for the fire and made it seem as if the country was in a state of emergency because of the threat of communism. This ultimately allowed for Hitler and the Nazi party to implement the "Reichstag Fire Decree" which allowed the government to restrict the liberty of the public.
Why did a dictatorship emerge in Germany in 1933 and not before? The Weimar Republic was bound to fail sooner or later given its weakness at birth and the values it was associated with however as to why Hitler was able to take power in 1933 and not before is an interesting question that requires much thought and attention. It has being proven throughout history that for extreme parties such as the NSDAP or the Communist party to gain mass support there has to be an economic crisis. The Nazi party was the one which eventually turned out ahead of the others, partly because of their leader, Adolf Hitler and partly because of their wider appeal and superior organisation. After it was proven that to rise to power through revolutions and coups (Spartacist revolt, Munich Beer Cellar putsch) was not practicable, economic crises offered these groups their only means to rise to power.
Thus, this essay will account for the consolidation of Nazi power between 1933 and 1934. The failure of 1923 Munich Beer Hall Putsch triggered for Hitler and the Nazis to alter their means of gaining power. Hitler instead of physical force, to attain political power, he turned to the democratic legal system, and had intended to gain votes into the Reichstag. After the Munich Putsch, Hitler was sent on trial and this gave Hitler and his movement national attention, causing for the increase of his following among right wing nationalists. While the Munich Putsch was not a success, as Hitler failed to seize power through force, his movement was however publicised, and made known to the German people.
As one of the most notorious dictators of all time, Hitler lied and manipulated his way to become Fuhrer of Germany. Using the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic to gain support, creating armies to cause fear and using his own public speaking skills and propaganda to gain trust and devotion, he created a false sense of security for the German people which began the rise of Hitler. The weaknesses of the Weimar Republic are what enabled Hitler’s rise to power. “The Treaty of Versailles” was a peace treaty written after World War I by the leaders of the nations who fought in the war; this was later named “the League of Nations”. Germany however was initially excluded from the league as they were blamed for being the cause of the war.
In a political sense, it ‘got his foot in the door’, so to speak. It came about largely due to problems with Weimar democracy and weak decisions; there were serious miscalculations in the appointment of Hitler. Many of the elite, particularly Papen, became intrigued and willing to co-operate with Hitler (even settle for a Hitler government), as they wanted his huge support base to further their own power ambitions and counter the rise of communism. He had the support required to solve Germany’s parliamentary crisis, and crucially he had the reluctant backing of Hindenburg, a nationalistic president who also feared a Bolshevik revolution and believed the Nazis could protect Germany from this. Despite the efforts of many to encourage Hitler’s appointment, there was no intention of forming a permanent leadership with him; the elite groups around Hindenburg planned to use Hitler to gain his support base, then abandon him when he was no longer needed.
Adolf Hitler knew that he had opposition from the right-wing state government in Bavaria and it is for this reason that he waited till the 8th November 1923 to try and seize power in Bavaria through the means of force. Adolf Hitler hoped that the other states would rise up against Berlin’s authority with his Nazi Party but
Analysis of the factors leading to Hitler’s rise to power Used by later historians and members of the NSDAP, the term Machtergreifung, in translation the seizure of power, referring to the inauguration of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January 1933 is a misconception. In fact that day when President Hindenburg appointed Hitler, the legal foundations for a multi-party system still stood, the actual transition to a totalitarian, single party state only came later that year. But most importantly, the term began to collocate with the historical view that the Weimar Republic was doomed or fated to be controlled by Hitler and the Nazis, and it was the due process of history that came about. It is true, however, that the weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution, and the political inexperience of the German people served as a catalyst in evoking the collapse of democracy. But Hitler’s person and political success was the result of desperate industrialists, his excellent handling of the relationship with the army and sheer misfortune.
Hitler was appointed chancellor on 30th January 1933. However, he was not a dictator but he was part of a democracy and had to work with President Hindenburg who still had a lot of power including the power to change the chancellor. Within the space of 18 months Hitler had established the legal foundations of his dictatorship and removed any potential threats to his position, even from within the Nazi party. On the evening of the 27th February 1933, the Reichstag building was destroyed by a massive fire. A young Dutchman, a communist supporter named Van der Lubbe, was caught at the site with matches and firelighters.