General von schleicher stopped supporting von papen and decided he himself should become chancellor, this triggered of a power struggle between von schleicher nd von papen, which ended with them handing power to Hitler. Hitler was made Chancellor in 1933 after von Papen persuades Hindenburg. Von Papen thought that as long as there were a limited number of Nazis in the cabinet then Hitler could be controlled. Von Papen was wrong. Another thing was there was the weakness of the Weimar government, which played its part.
Out of all the wars that the world has gone through, none has been more devastating as World War II. Although the definite origin or cause of this World War II can be argued over, some of the most popular reason till today remains the Appeasement, anger over Treaty of Versailles, the failure of peace efforts after World War I, the rise of Fascism, the goals of Hitler. Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Almost immediately he began secretly building up Germany's army and weapons. In 1934 he increased the size of the army, began building warships and created a German air force.
They are many factors on why did Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. World War one, treaty of Versailles, fear of communist and the great depression are the main reason on Hitler became Chancellor. The Germans sighted the treaty of Versailles 1919 after losing Great War, although they believed they treaty was harsh they had no choice either sign it or the country getting invaded. The Germans called the treaty Diktat as it was being forced on them and the Germans had no choice but to sign it. One thing the Germans were not happy in the treaty of Versailles is the War Guilt Clause, take blame for the war.
“Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933 because he was leader of the most popular Party in Germany. How far do you agree with this judgement?” The Nazi Party (NSDAP) became the largest political Party in German Reichstag after the Reichstag elections in July 1932. The Nazi Party won 37.3% of the vote which gave them 230 seats in the Reichstag out of a total 608 seats. Despite being the single largest Party, the German President, Paul von Hindenburg, refused to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. Even though Hindenburg was in Hitler’s way of gaining the Chancellorship, there were many other factors that lead to Hitler becoming Chancellor in January 1933 and not just because he was leader of the most popular Party in Germany.
However, at the election, Nazis didn't win majority of the votes, therefore a coalition government was formed with the National Party. Hitler was disappointed as he needed two thirds of the seats in order to change the constitution. Although it seems as if the election hadn't really helped Hitler, I think it gave him the incentive to move on to his next step of passing the Enabling Bill, making it a key reason as to why he was able to form this dictatorship. The Enabling Bill was the next big step for Hitler as it allowed him to make laws without
Brunning wanted to change things, but laws can’t be passed without the Reichstag. The Reichstag didn’t want to pass it, so he goes to the president and uses article 48. The depression needs to be dealt with by the Reichstag refuse so the Reichstag is dissolved and they hold new elections for a new Reichstag and hope that its more right wing. Bruning had no support from the SPD, this wasn’t good because they were the majority and not having support from them meant that her didn’t really have any support at all.
The Nazis felt like this political group was trying to undermine their “people’s community”. Hitler made it very clear that he did not want the communists in his people community when he and the Nazi party realised their 25 point programme of 1920.However the Nazis also portrayed the socialist and any other party of which had taken part in coalition governments during the Weimar republic as they collaborated with communism and Jewish democracy. Hitler wanted to introduce the policy of volksgeminschaft in this case because if he could eliminate the communists and the other parties who were associated as collaborating with them, the Nazis could then get their votes as they had a high amount of supporters, which would mean them having the majority and coming into power. Anybody who the Nazis believed that represented a threat to the racial purity of which Hitler wanted would come under the socialism categories. This included, Jews, gypsies and those who were seen as mentally or physically unfit.
Germany in 1914 was a growing Parliamentary democracy rather that an entrenched autocracy. How far do you agree with this view? Leading up to 1914 Germany, in the Second Reich, could be considered an autocracy because of the way Bismarck had left the Reichstag the Kaiser had a great deal of power that the German people had very little say on. However, I believe it would be very harsh to label the autocracy as entrenched as there was a constitutional crisis and this shed light on the fact that the Kaiser’s power was not absolute. Also, events such as the Hottentot election of 1907 and the Daily Telegraph affair were examples of when the Kaiser had to work and deal with the democratic sides of the constitution.
Ernst Roehm had a different view of a successful Germany and Hitler was on different path (A3). Apparently Roehm and Hitler have butted heads before and Hitler came on top (A3). Hitler was growing very afraid of the Brownshirts, so he felt the only way to keep power was to put the S.A on leave. Hitler was thinking that another revolution could have happened with the S.A in power (D2). Hitler paid attention to what happened with Russia and was able to not make the same mistake.
What were the features of the Weimar Constitution? On the 31st of July 1919, after much debate, the Weimar Constitution was adopted. The first major change was the head of the state. Previously, in the old constitution, the Kaiser inherited his position, but now in the new Weimar constitution, the president was elected into his/her position, and could be re elected, by both men and women over the age of 20. The president was still a very powerful figure; he could block new laws by calling a referendum and could rule without the Reichstag in times of emergency (Article 48).