Explain How Bentham and Mill Used to Difer Essay

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Explain how Bentham and mill used to differ ways of measuring pleasure? (30) Hedonistic calculus is a method of working out the sum total of pleasure and pain produced by an act, and the total value of its consequences. When determining what action is right in a given situation, we should consider the pleasures and pains resulting from it, and having to stay in respect of their intensity, duration, certainty, propinquity and extent. We should next consider the alternative courses of action, this method will determine which act has the best tendency, and meaning is right. Bentham’s Hedonic Calculus is used to choose between two courses of action. For each possibility, you add up all of the pleasure/pain, and then you do whichever action leads to the most pleasure/least pain. It’s not an exact science, but if you try using numbers you get an idea how it works. You may want to go down to -50 to indicate pain whatever works. It’s worth nothing that Bentham felt it was important to reduce pain first and then look at pleasure. However, if one course of action involves a small amount of pain but a huge amount of pleasure, it will be better than an action that leads to no pain but only little pleasure. Once you’ve done this a few times, you can make similar decisions on a ‘rule of thumb’. The seven criteria’s: 1. Intensity 2. Duration 3. Certainty (probability) 4. Propinquity (how soon will the expected effects become evident?) 5. Fecundity (probability of it leading to further pleasure or pain) 6. Purity (not leading to further pleasure or pain) 7. Extent (the number of people effected) Intensity refers to the strength of the experience. Duration relates to the length of time for which the experience lasts. Certainty is the likelihood that the choice will result in the presumed effect. Propinquity is how soon the

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