There are two key terms that help us to understand behaviour which are thinking patterns and perception. The cognitive model believes that abnormal behaviour is the result of irrational, maladaptive and disordered thought processes and perceptions of self. A man called Ellis implied that there were two routes of thinking, which are adaptive and maladaptive. By saying this he also suggested that everyone is capable of taking either of these two routes. He also suggested that if people think rationally then they will behave rationally and therefore as a consequence they will be happy and competent.
Albert Ellis is widely known for the development of Rational Emotive Behavior therapy. This type of therapy consists “of a very direct and confrontational approach” to treating psychological problems. Throughout this essay I will describe Ellis’s Rational Emotive theory integrated with my own thoughts and ideas about REBT. From a behavioral perspective anything is possible with the proper conditioning or therapy and ultimately we are in control of our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Ellis believed people developed psychological disorders due to their beliefs about “insane thoughts” and “dogmatic associated feelings.” That it is not point “A” that upsets us but point “B”, the consequence or reaction.
The reason I chose this therapy is the realistic understanding of directing individuals in seeking the best possible life given the powers and circumstances that exist. Many clinical problems are best described as disorders of thought and feeling, and since behavior is effectively controlled by the way we think the most logical and effective way of trying to change maladjusted behavior is to change the unbalanced thought processes that lie behind it. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is comprised of both cognitive and behavioral techniques. The premise underlying a cognitive-behavioral is that difficulties in living, relationships, general health, etc., have their origin in and are maintained by both cognitive and behavioral factors. What is Cognitive Behavioral Theory?
Such |back up people behavior, whether good or bad. Good |in more adaptive ways by changing the dysfunctional | | |therapy also helps bring unresolved past conflicts and |behavior is maintained by reinforcement, while abnormal or|cognitions about themselves, the world, and the society | | |unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the |unwanted behavior can be eliminated by punishment. The |they live in. Cognitive therapists attempt to change the | | |conscious, where patients have the chance to deal with |treatment builds on the basic processes of learning, such |way people think as well as their behavior in cognitive | | |those conflicts more effectively. |as reinforcement and extinction, and assumes that normal |treatment.
Evaluate the claim that client centred therapy offers, the therapist all that he/she needs to treat clients. "When I look at the world I'm pessimistic, but when I look at people I am optimistic." Carl Rogers created the idea of client centred therapy from a optimistic, humanistic and non directive stand point. He believed that people were essentially good and given the right circumstances would move in a positive and life enhancing direction. Client centred therapy encourages the therapist to consider the individual.
Treatments utilized by counseling professionals such as CBT allows clients to be aware of various events causing their life’s spiral; uninterested clients with court-ordered treatment must make a valid decision for their success while rationalizing personal biases of treatment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Positive and negative influences burden clients so much that they compromise themselves through careless and difficult situations. According to Kendra Cherry (2011), “Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients to understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors.” CBT assist clients by emphasizing their focus towards channeling energy to connecting dilemmas. Utilizing this rationalization of theories creates awareness for clients to identify relationships between treatment and coping with disorders. Once treatment surfaces awareness aids in the process of preventing relapses, clients not interested in receiving court-ordered treatment CBT provides them with tools to make valid decisions.
The therapist establishes control over the client; the suggestions to be embedded into the subconscious are given as a set of repeated commands. It is possible to identify if a client will respond well to this approach by analysing their responses to your questions. (3) “…the subjects who are most responsive to the authoritarian technique are those who have a great respect for, and respond well to authoritarian figures in daily life … as opposed to those who are highly imaginative or creative.” [Hypnosis for Change. Hadley & Staudacher. 1996 Pg 27] The type of people who generally fit in to this category are those who either are, or respond well to, people such as teachers, police officers or
"Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients". Like any other model of therapy, whilst person-centred counselling certainly has its merits, it would be dangerous to assume that it can be used as a “one size fits all” therapy. Its main strength is that it aims to empower the individual to find the inner resources that they need to resolve their own problems. In some ways this reminds me of Milton Erickson’s attitude of “using the client’s reality” as opposed to enforcing an external reality upon them. The three core conditions of the Person-Centred approach are unconditional positive regard, empathy and congruence; unconditional positive regard requires accepting and valuing the client as an individual, regardless of appearance, behaviour and attitude.
These beliefs are attitudes and perceptions that largely tend to shape how we think about issues and react to different situations. In most cases a client seeking respondents to the same scenario from two different counselors will emerge from a dam of confusion. The theory of human behavior in psychology which states that experiences of individuals over time shape their personality (Scoyholt, 2001). The principle ideas that counselors hold as true will define them and also determine how they provide solutions to specific matters raised by their clients, in other words they tend to counsel as per what they believe should be done. These beliefs
1.3 Explain why it is important to observe an individual’s reactions when communicating with them. It’s important to observe an individual’s reaction when communicating with them so that you know if they fully understand what you’re trying to tell them. You should always see if their behaviour changes. The individual might sometimes be too shy to ask any questions or share their thoughts, when you notice that you can always encourage them to share their opinions. By observing their reactions when communicating, any problems can usually be identified and dealt with immediately.