Difference Between New England and the Chesapeake

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During the 1600s, English people were hoping to find new lives in the New England and Chesapeake regions. The motives of the residents of New England mainly came to the New World because of religious prosecution, and in the Chesapeake, people immigrated in order to make profits. New England colonies were close-knit and communal and in the Chesapeake, large plantations led to the rise of isolation among Chesapeake farmers. In New England, holding town meetings created the initial government, where in the Chesapeake, aristocrats created the House of Burgesses for limited politics. The profit of New England colonists came mainly from lumber, shipbuilding, fishing, and trading industries, but in the Chesapeake, an abundance of land and good soil led to an agrarian society. Due to the different motives and geographies of the two regions, New England and the Chesapeake regions developed into two distinct societies. Different groups came to America because they had different motives. In New England, Pilgrim and Puritan families came in order to escape religious persecution from the Anglican Church. The Puritans were unhappy with the state of the Church of England and wanted to “purify” it. Because they were persecuted in England, they wanted to go to the Massachusetts Bay and form a utopian society. According to John Winthrop in his sermon on board the Arbella in 1630, the Puritans wanted to be “knit together” and be “as a city upon a hill”, a perfect community (A). During the Great Puritan Migration in the 1630s, Puritans flocked to the Massachusetts Bay colony in order to set up new lives. The Ship’s List of Emigrants bound for New England tells us that many families went showing that there was a stable family life (B). In The Chesapeake, males came in search of gold. The Ship’s List of Emigrants Bound for Virginia indicates that young males immigrated (C).

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