New England vs. Chesapeake Region

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New England vs. Chesapeake Region During the late 16th century, England rapidly colonized the newly found Americas. Citizens were sent out to the eastern coast of North America in two regions. In the Chesapeake region, the English came to Jamestown to make money, find gold, and obtain land. However, in New England, Puritans came to America mostly for religious purposes. Although the New England and Chesapeake regions were originally colonized by mainly English settlers, the two regions in time evolved into two distinct societies. By 1700, their religious practices, family relations, and political differences led them in two different directions. New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, while people who immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious motives. In Document A, John Winthrop talks a lot about uniting together to basically please God, and spread his word. John Winthrop states that the Puritan goal was to form "a city upon a hill", which would represent a "pure" community, where Christianity could be pursued (Document A). In New England, religion was considered to be most important thing while the colonists that landed at Jamestown in 1607 were not as religiously inclined as the Puritans. The History of Virginia, written by the leader of the colony, John Smith in 1624, describes how hard it was in the first few years at Jamestown (Document F). There was little food, new diseases, lots of quarreling between the settlers and they had many problems with the Indians (Document H). The colony was almost devastated before it had a chance to even be settled. As a result, New England formed a much more religious society then the Chesapeake region. By the early 1600s, there was an estimated 1300 English colonists in the New World. In 1635, the ship's list of emigrants bound for New England, showed that the
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