Colonial Virginia and Suffolk, Massachusetts

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Both colonial Virginia and Massachusetts were established by England at around the same period of time. However, these two regions had developed into distinctly different societies. The main reason for this divergence is difference in economy and religion between Virginia and Massachusetts. Economic motives prompted colonization in Virginia. This led to plantation-based economy in Virginia. On the contrary, freedom from religious harassment motivated people, primarily Puritans, to come to Massachusetts to exercise their religious beliefs. In other words, although both the Virginia and Massachusetts colonies originated in England, colonial Virginia and Suffolk Massachusetts were developed into different societies by the late seventeenth century due to differences in economy and religion. The Virginia and Massachusetts Bay colonies differed in economy. Economic profit was a primary driving force in the colonization of Virginia. By the late seventeenth century, once settlers realized that cash crops such as tobacco could be highly profitable, most of labor force relied upon the importation indentured servants from England. However, planters had to find alternative cheaper and reliable labor supply because of the shortage of English indentured servants. As plantation-based and cash-crop-oriented economy had continued for several decades, planters in Virginia imported a large amount of slaves. In fact, Virginia developed into a slave society where slavery was the foundation of the economic and social order in the late seventh century. As the number of slaves, mostly African American, increased, it influenced on the social order in Virginia. The Court records about Katherine Watkins provide the information about the race relations, the development of slavery, and sexuality in colonial Virginia. In this record, four witnesses offered conflicting statements about the

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