Describe the Characteristics of Nutrients and Their Benefits to the Body

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Describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefits to the body In each nutrients had their own job and purpose and it is important to maintain the right amount of nutrients in the body. If there are too much or too less it can cause malnutrition and this can affect the body not to function properly. Carbohydrates Carbohydrate is the main source that gives out the most of energy to the body especially the brain and nervous system, even when you asleep, the cells need oxygen and nutrients to function. This is known as basal metabolism. All the dietary intake 50% from them should came from carbohydrate. There are two type of carbohydrate, which are simple carbohydrate and complex carbohydrate. Simple carbohydrate can be found in food that containing natural sugar such as fruits vegetables and some dairy products; these are healthy food group that contain simple carbohydrate. But there also unhealthy food group that contain simple carbohydrate as well such as chocolate, fizzy drinks, ready meal and other sweets – these are called processes foods. These simple carbohydrate is easily breakdown and it doesn’t give out the energy as much as the complex carbohydrate. Complex carbohydrate can be found it wheat, bread, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods. This complex carbohydrate is take quite a long time to breakdown but it stay in the body longer than the simple carbohydrate. When the carbohydrate gets into the body, the enzyme in our mouth, stomach and intestine help rapidly break it down to simple sugars and glucose. Once the glucose absorb into the blood stream it will then give out the energy to the cells and muscles with the help of insulin, which allowed the glucose to be ready for immediate use. If the glucose is don’t need for immediate use then it will be stored in the liver and muscle, which it will turn into glycogen, which is storage form

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