Essential nutrients include substantial quantities of macronutrients; carbohydrates, protein, fats and water, plus small quantities of micronutrients, vitamins and minerals (Rolfes, Pinna, Whitney, 2009). Cheraskins studies have shown that an optimal diet is essential to optimum health, however his finding have also shown that even with an
Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins In the following paper I will be explaining the function of fat and water soluble vitamins. Vitamins are essential nutrients. The body requires them in order to function properly. They are called essential because the body is unable to produce them, they must be consumed in food sources. All vitamins are classified into two groups that are called fat soluble and water soluble vitamins.
Minerals, like vitamins are substances found in our food. Our bodies need minerals for health and growth. Without these important nutrients in our bodies, we will suffer from a risk of deficiency in our diets. The functions of nutrients help our bodies to maintain its daily functions. There are two kinds of minerals, macro-minerals and trace minerals.
The food we eat gives us carbohydrates, lipids and other nutrients to carry out the process of life. d) Why is water so important to all living things? (1 point) HINT: Think about what organisms are made of. Living things such as plants need water to grow and produce flowers, fruits, vegetables, etc. Living things such as humans need water to rehydrate and lubricate their bodies, skin, tissue, joints, and brain.
Liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which the body uses for sugar. Heart needs to beat, brain needs energy to maintain vital functions and we need to replace cells. Starch: the food standards agency recommends that a third of the food we eat should come from starchy foods like pasta, bread, rice, potatoes and chapattis. Starchy food sometime referred to as compound carbohydrates; liberate energy more little by little than sugars, so they will keep you contented longer. Starch is the most important carbohydrate in the human diet.
Supplementary Vitamins and Minerals Are supplementary vitamins and minerals essential for body? Supplemental nutrition is a substance added to a diet in order to providing necessary nutrition and could be in different forms of medicine such as pills, liquids, powder or even can be injected through a vein. Although most dieticians believe body should take its necessary minerals and vitamins from natural sources, in some cases it is suggested by doctors to take supplementations in order to prevent or alleviate vitamin and mineral deficiencies. There is a debate between dieticians, whether supplementations are essential and helpful for body and completely without risk, and in which case, it would be recommended by doctors. Vitamins and minerals which can be supplied by variety of organic foods, water and sunlight are absolutely necessary for body.
The stress to your system of training is influenced by the intensity and duration of exercise, the fitness level of the athlete and the balance between training and recovery practices. Many athletes falsely assume that high levels of nutrients and nutritional supplements automatically have a beneficial effect on immune function and health. However this is not the case as evidence has shown that the immune response can be impaired by both inadequate and excessive intakes of nutrients. What are the key “nutrient players” needed to maintain a healthy immune system? Carbohydrates: Carbohydrate is a critical fuel source for supplying energy/fuel to both muscle and immune cells.
Example; dark leafy greens, avocado, bread, pasta and breakfast cereal, Milk, cheese, yogurt, soybeans, firm tofu, liver, meat, poultry, fish and seafood. Water is an important nutrient that is needed in the body (75%) seventy five percent of the body’s weight is due to water, which is essential to the many function it perform in the body, water regulate the body temperature, lubricates joints, moistens tissues such as those in the mouth, eyes and nose, protects the body organs and tissues; help dissolve minerals and other nutrients to make them accessible to the body. Water help lessens the burden on the kidneys and liver by flushing out waste products, it also carries nutrients and other oxygen to the cells.
Mineral and Water Function What are the functions and sources of minerals? Minerals are essential nutrients needed in small quantities to stay healthy. They do not supply energy or calories, but can aid in other functions in the body. Since the body does not make minerals, they must be eaten through your diet to meet the daily requirements. To meet your daily mineral needs you should choose foods from the four food groups: grain products, milk, meat and vegetables and fruits.
The diet which contains adequate amount of all the essential nutrients like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins, sufficient for the normal growth and development of the body Is called a balanced diet. The constituents of a balanced diet are-Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Minerals (Salts), Vitamins, Water and Roughage, Carbohydrates- Carbohydrates are the compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. They are the main source of energy in our body. There are three types of carbohydrates such as cellulose, starch and sugar, The cellulose does not provide energy to human body, hence It Is not a food. Sugar Is soluble in water.