Now they had a new superpower a few miles from Athens. They also sent a herald to Jason of Pherae in Thessaly. Jason upon hearing the news said he would come quickly in Thebes with triremes, but instead with great speed and passing through enemy territory he arrived in Boeotia. There the Theban leaders proposed him to attack the encamped Spartans and her allies. Jason and Epameinondas refused and managed to persuade them to let them go and thus saving Spartans from a bigger catastrophe.5
After Philip II’s death in 336 B.C., Alexander the Great took over the war effort. Greece was currently under Macedonian control and Darius III tried to use this situation in his propaganda effort. In response to an offering of peace from Darius III, Alexander responded in a letter which included several accusations towards the Persian king. He accused the Persian king of calling for a war against Alexander, and bribing politicians in order to destroy the peace that had been established in Greece. Darius knew that the Greek’s wanted to free themselves from Macedonian rule and things would be a great deal easier for him with the Greek’s on his side.
Well, the war's losses caused much distress which led to a group of antidemocratic citizens to overturn the democracy in 411 B.C. Other citizens were not fond of this so they restored the democratic government. Athens continued to fight on and the end came during the last ten years of the war. This is because the actions had moved to the east, along the western coast of Anatolia and its islands; this was known to be the western boundary of the Persian Empire. The Persian Empire had sent money to help the Spartans build a strong navy.
The Persian Wars by: Alec Norwood World History Mr. Jordan 1st Period October 12, 2007 The Persian Wars INTRODUCTION The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and the Persians between the years 490 and 479 B.C.E. The main conflict between the Greeks and the Persians began in Ionia, home of Herodotus. Many Pre-Socratic philosophers believe it started because the empire building (land hungry) Persians tried to capture and bring the Ionians under their power and control. The Persians were successful with some of the Ionian Greeks but others asked the mainland Greeks for help because they did not want to be ruled by the Persians (Hooker, 1999). IONIAN REVOLT The wars began in 490 B.C.E.
First they besieged the island of what is now Cyprus and then moved toward the mainland. They moved toward the epicenter of the rebellion, Lade. Once the leadership of the rebellions was apprehended, the leaderless rebellion was crippled. In a single day, the Persian army recaptured the rest of the rebellious cities and assimilated them back into the Persian Empire. But King Darius was not going to forgive the Athenian insult.
He spent the year 335 subduing restive people to the north and west of Macedonia, and crushing an Athenian-endorsed uprising at Thebes. Now mistrusting the Athenians, Alexander the Great declined to employ their fleet against Persia. He crossed the Hellespont into Asia Minor with his substantial army of thirty-five thousand Macedonians and Greeks overwhelming the Persian army and gaining enough spoils to restore the meager Macedonian treasury. The key to Alexander’s success there was timing, and one of his great abilities was knowing when and where to strike defensively. Then, he would pursue the retreating enemy, who more often than not, could not regroup after Alexander’s strikes.
Shortly after, the naval ship was visited by a Spanish ship in sheer hope of maybe loosening the tension between American and Spain. On February 15, 1898, an explosion ripped the ship to shreds and sank to the bottom of the Cuban waters and also causing 260 deaths on board. Witnesses say that the fire started on board U.S.S. Maine. America planned on retrieving Cuba from Spain peacefully but this attack was the opening call for war.
He tried to teach the Romans that if they were not at war, there could be growth and prosperity all throughout Rome. However, Augustus had to cover up the damage that his adopted father, Julius Caesar, had done to Rome. At first, people believed that Julius Caesar would be a good leader, but sadly, he used the power for his own personal gain. He had a daughter named Julia, who he married to Pompey, creating an alliance. Once Julia died,
His amount of power caused him to control his slaves to do hard work without remorse or sympathy towards them which caused the social inequality. Document 4 is an inscription at Behistun, written by Persian king Darius in 500 B.C.E. Darius said that he was helped by the God because he did good and not evil. This might be a response to social inequality because he stated that he didn’t do anything wrong to the weak nor the powerful, but anyone that was against him, he would kill. It is evident that Darius was not for social inequality to the innocent but had to prove himself a powerful leader if confronted the situation.
After gaining control of the rebellious Ionian Greeks in 495 BC, Darius I of Persia realized that they would be a perpetual bother as long as they could gain help and encouragement from the Greek mainland so he determined to conquer Greece proper, secure his western frontier and lay the groundwork for Persia's expansion into Europe. He was also outraged that during the Ionian rebellion an obscure city-state (Athens) from mainland Greece had assisted in the expulsion of the Persians from Sardes, the capitol of the Ionian Greek city-states. His anger was such that he vowed to punish them and every night at dinner he had a servan repeat to him "Lord, don't forget the Athenians" Palace of Darius I Darius had two routes to invade Greece,