Persian Wars Research Paper

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The Persian Wars by: Alec Norwood World History Mr. Jordan 1st Period October 12, 2007 The Persian Wars INTRODUCTION The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and the Persians between the years 490 and 479 B.C.E. The main conflict between the Greeks and the Persians began in Ionia, home of Herodotus. Many Pre-Socratic philosophers believe it started because the empire building (land hungry) Persians tried to capture and bring the Ionians under their power and control. The Persians were successful with some of the Ionian Greeks but others asked the mainland Greeks for help because they did not want to be ruled by the Persians (Hooker, 1999). IONIAN REVOLT The wars began in 490 B.C.E. but…show more content…
Thermopylae was a passage through a large Greek mountain area. The Greeks chose to try to defend their land here once they found out the large Persian army would have to go through this small mountain pass in order to capture the Greek land they wanted (Herodotus, 1972). The Spartans led the Greek forces in the unsuccessful defense of this land and every Spartan warrior was killed. Some scholars say the Spartans realized they would be killed before they went into battle but they still chose to fight and defend their land (Bradford, 2004). The Persians were led by Xerxes and with this victory, he led the Persian troops from Thermopylae through Locris and Phocis into Boeotia without resistance. This was the only battle that the Persian Army won during ‘The Persian Wars’ (Hooker,…show more content…
This was a navy battle fought between the Greek city-states and the Persians in the strait between Piraeus and Salamis Island (Herodotus, 1972). Salamis Island was an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens. The Greek and Persian fleets ‘rammed’ each other in the water and a land battle ensued. Each Greek navy ship had an “embolon” attached to it. An embolon was a long bronze protrusion fitted to the prow of each boat at water level (Green, 1998). The Greeks used this to ram and sink the Persian ships before they would get rammed themselves. In addition, the Greeks were better trained in hand-to-hand warfare tactics than the Persians and they had better weapons to use. The Greek victory marked the turning point of the wars, leading to the eventual defeat of Persia by Greek forces. King Xerxes I of Persia personally witnessed his naval fleet being destroyed. Historians cite that the Greeks had about 366 ships while the Persians commanded a naval fleet of about 720 ships (Bradford,

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