King Leonidas Leonidas was the king of Sparta at one time. He is most famous for leading the three hundred Spartans against the Persian army. He lived in the Peloponnesus and the city state of Sparta. Leonidas had a major impact in his time; he led troops to eliminate Persians to defend Sparta. Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome.
This led to constant warfare between the leagues formed by the Greek city-states and Macedon. Around 221 BCE, Phillip V of Macedon took power of the Macedonian throne. He was considered to be the last Greek ruler who was militaristically and politically capable of uniting all of Greece. However, in 218 BCE, he allied with Carthage, which was a big mistake to his plans. This led to the breakout of wars between Rome and Macedon in a series of skirmishes.
Following on, the King would generalize and plan out military campaigns. Through these campaigns, guards called ‘ephors’ follow and observe the Kings actions. By doing this, the King had limits and wasn’t able to conduct illegal actions. By failing to proceed to war without any problems, the ephors would report back to Sparta and from there, the King would be recalled and exiled. Through this we can represent Source 2.7, a statue on behalf of Leonidas, a renowned King of Sparta who lead the three hundred men.
Prior to becoming king, Darius placed Xerxes in the position of satrap of Babylon for 12 years from him to gain experience in a position of power and authority. Also in 498 a palace was built for the kings’ son in Babylon. The invasion of Greece, planned by his father, was put on hold because he faced a rebellion in Egypt in 486bc. Xerxes led the campaign against Egypt and ‘decisively crushed them’ (Herodotus) and reduced the Egyptians to abject slavery and placed the country once again firmly under Persian control. Unlike, his father, who made
* Publius Hevlius Pertinax was the new caeser Maximus Maximus is a fictional character that is composed up of two or three real historical figures. Kind of like a collage of people to make one picture/person. Avidius Cassius * was a great roman general * was appointed military governor over Asia * got sent to Egypt to put down a rebellion * when Aurelius fell ill, his wife offered the throne to Avidius Cassius * but he proclaimed himself king before Aurelius had died * the senate then declared him a public enemy * Aurelius tried to save him by pardoning him but didn’t reach him in time * Avidius Cassius got killed by his own officers Diocletian * Born in the lower classes like Maximus * “He would have received little education beyond an elementary literacy” (www.roman-emperors.org) * “He eventually became his emperor's trusted favourite and bodyguard, and later became a general”( www.exovedate.com) * He was finally named heir, and became emperor a little while after
The Persians ran out of supplies and returned after the defeat of Marathon. The second invasion of Greece by the Persians happened in the year 480 BC. Xerxes was the Persian King at this time. He gathered a huge army. This army attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae, a town just north of
He used his earned fame to gather a group of supporters, seized the Acropolis, and attempted to make himself tyrant of Athens. The attempt was a complete failure and ended with Cylon and his party hiding by the statue of Athene, surrounded by an angry mob. Lured out by promises of their own safety, Cylon and his men were killed by members of the aristocratic family called the Alcmeonidae (see Paus. 1.40.1; Paus. 1.28.1; Paus.
By 546 BCE, Cyrus had defeated Croesus, the Lydian king of fabled wealth, and had secured control of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Greek colonies along the Levant” the leader after that was Cambyses who was Cyrus son. Cambyses II, conquered Egypt but later he died in July, 522 BCE”.Cambyses either died by a priest trying to kill him or people revolting against him there is no clear answer at that time period Egypt was a very big part of the civilized world. The Persians conquering them tell us that the Persians were more superior then the Egyptians. This evidence helps us figure out are thesis statement and that the Persians were more
He expatriated from his home and went to Thebes. To express his patriotism for the country he freed Thebes from the turmoil of the Sphinx by solving the riddle. After defeating the Sphinx she offered her hand in marriage. He received many congratulations and become there king; and avoided being repatriated back to his home. Before he became king he killed Laius, a patrician and the previous king of Thebes.
Severus, patriarch of Antioch, the theological luminary of the Monophysites, escaped to Egypt where the patriarch of Alexandria gave him refuge. Vitalian returned to Constantinople where he became Master of the Soldiers in the capital, consul in 520, and then was murdered, probably at Justinian's instigation. But the settlement was illusive, as Justinian soon realized, and within months he was advocating a compromise put forward by a group of monks from Scythia Minor which got the support of Vitalian, who came from there himself. Hormisdas himself did not reject this so-called "Theopaschite Doctrine" out of hand, though in the end, he did. But it was vigorously denounced by ardent watchdogs of orthodoxy in Constantinople, the 'Sleepless Monks', so called because they kept up an endless doxology with teamwork day and night in their monastery on the eastern side of the