Winnicot’s (1953) work on mothers and infants demonstrated the important for mothers to be emotionally ready to be a ‘good enough mother’ by having tolerance of waiting out a child’s frustration and the confidence in providing satisfaction (Oates, 2005). Bowlby ultimately was influenced by work from the Robertson’s. The Robertson’s (1989) studied separation anxiety in children (Oates, 2005). The behaviour of the child once separated from their parents reflected how strong the attachment is. The combination of winncot and the Robertson’s work inspired Bowlby attachment theory (Oates,
P. An application of attachment theory to the study of child abuse. [Ph.D. dissertation], California School of Professional Psychology; 1979  Main, M.; & Hesse, E. Parents’ Unresolved traumatic Experiences are Related to Infant Disorganized Attachment Status: Is Frightened and/or Frightening Parental Behaviour the Linking Mechanism? In Greenberg, M.T. ; Cicchetti, D.; & Cummings, M. [Eds.]
Childhood maltreatment studies have offered diverse predictors in the types of childhood maltreatment associated with BPD. Sexual abuse, inconsistent maltreatment by a female caretaker, emotional denial by a male caretaker, emotional neglect, and emotional abuse have all been found to be significant predictors of BPD (Hernandez, Arntz, Gaviria, Labad, & Gutiérrez-Zotes, 2012). Mentalization, the process in which we make sense of each other and ourselves, is undermined by genetic and early environmental factors (Fonagy, Luyten, & Strathearn, 2011). There may be several pathways that lead to developing BPD but childhood sexual abuse is the most frequently reported by 40-71% of patients with BPD. The severity of the disorder is also linked with the severity of the sexual abuse, which has led some clinicians to view BPD as a form of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (Lieb, Zanarini, Schmahl, Linehan, & Bohus,
Natalie Tillero Mrs. Lassiter SOC101 3/14/13 How postpartum depression did affect my way of socializing? This paper explains the symptoms of postpartum depression and it may affect a new mother’s outlook for life. Postpartum depression is an illness that affects many women and even my-self, after pregnancy. A number of people think that it is a myth, that women who had a baby can’t get depressed, or get the “baby blue’s”. Research shows that this illness is capable of transforming a woman and the way that she socializes within the community, family, and even friends.
Freud’s work is considered important because he showed that childhood experiences and relationships significantly influence the development of personality in later life, (Beaver et al 2002). Freud’s theory was psychoanalysis and he believed that the personality comprised of three parts the Id, the Ego and the Superego. Freud developed a stage theory; these stages are called psychosexual and are linked to the physical pleasures associated with each stage. Freud argued that psychological health as an adult depended on how each of these stages is dealt with, and whether or not optimum gratification is gained from each stage. Freud believed that unsuccessful completion of any of these stages leads to a child becoming fixated
On my first job with a young girl who has autism, I got hit in the face twice. As a result of reflecting on what had happened, I realised that I had gotten too close to her personal space. I now know to respect her personal space unless I am invited into it Ac[2.3] Describe how own values, belief systems and experiences may affect working practice. HSC 32.4 Agree a personal development plan. Ac[4.1] Identify sources of support for planning and reviewing own development.
Additionally he identified that different regions of the brain interact or work together to enable a process. Thus leading to his findings that loss of speech can arise from damage to the front half of the brain Schiller, 1979, cited in Toates, (2010). Geschwind (1972), cited in Toates, (2010), also found that brain regions interact to enable the performance and understanding of speech. His evidence came from an experiment that entailed a participant listening to a sentence and then repeating it. Geschwind concluded that brain interactions were necessary to carry out the instructions.
Rabiner (1999) quoted the results of a study conducted by Kaplan, Crawford, Fisher and Dewey (1998) which revealed that parents of ADHD children reported feeling considerably dissatisfied with their family life. The following quotation highlights the impact an ADHD child has on parents. A parent needs abundant love and wisdom, a parent must be knowledgeable about education, a parent must acquire the skills and sophistication in managing behavior that psychologists have acquired after years of study, and a parent must develop the patience of a model clergy man or woman. Although it can take a lifetime to acquire any of these skills, the demands of parenting an ADHD child necessitates that all of them be acquired in an instant. (Jacobs 1998, p. 1) as cited in Rafalovich 2000, p.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER IN KIDS (www.helpguide.com) I believe that if I could create a risk programs it can help parents know if their child really does have ADHD. Today there are some many students that are being missed diagnosed. This program can help ensure parents that if their child l has ADHD there is a program that is meeting for them and they can get help and information. My nephew has ADHD and I know that my sister has trouble with dealing with him and his side effects. I know that if she had a program like this around she could ask question on why he acts the way he dose after the medicine wears off.
Marital therapist, Dr. Carl A. Whitaker concurs that “From early childhood on, each of us carried models for marriage, femininity, masculinity, motherhood, fatherhood, and all the other family roles.” We unconsciously and consciously bring memories of our parents’ relationship into our own marriages. These unfulfilled expectations, caused by an internal struggle, can lead to a crippled marriage. Although individuals can overcome psychological patterns accrued during childhood, the hard work of changing those patterns becomes an oxymoron of age-old myth of marriage. Roiphe continues to explain that people assume that all problems will be solved and life will become easier once you marry. In making this statement, the author shows that true hard work of marriage ultimately begins when you say “I do”.