Counselling Theory Essay

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The aim of this essay is to evaluate client-centered therapy as a technique used in counselling. This will be achieved by reviewing the application and limitations taking into account of groups, families, culture and gender. Rogers own unique approach to person-centered therapy, is understanding personality and human relationships. Rogers’ theory of nurturing relationships consisted of acceptance, caring, warmth and respect in order for change to take place (Wilkins, 2010). Conditions of worth depend on the model, unconditional positive regard of empathy, congruence and self-actualization. In person-centered theory is viewed as a humanistic approach in which the client is led to express their experiences of their life (Rodgers, 1957-1959). Person-centered approach to counselling attributes to the core conditions, empathy, congruence, (genesis) and self-actualization. The experience for the client should be a positive one, they need to feel like they are being listened to and understood. It is important to engage in the client’s world so they are able to express their feelings. This will then lead for exploration, to be able to accept previously denied aspects of self-involving checking with the client which should be natural and free flowing. Respecting the individuality for the client (Mearns and Thorne, 2007). Rogers considered empathy as a ''state of being'', however Truax and Carkhuff defined empathy as a communication skill. A number of difficulties arose within the concept of empathy. Researchers measured levels of empathy responding exhibited by counsellors. It was realised that ratings produced all kinds of different patterns. These results were specific for counsellor’s statements, and the clients would be rated differently from the client’s perspective (Kurtz and Grummon, 1972). It appeared difficult for raters to be specific and accurate

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