By contrast the human potential movement defined human nature as inherently good. From its perspective human behaviour is motivated by a drive to achieve ones fullest potential. Person Centred Therapy was mainly developed by Carl Rogers in the early 1940s. He was an American psychologist who was highly influenced by modern culture. He worked as a psychotherapist for most of his life.
If attending and listening are the skills that enable helpers to get in touch with the world of the client, empathy is the skill that enables them to communicate their understanding of that world to the client. The Basic Formula Basic empathic understanding can be expressed in the following stylized formula: You feel … (here name the correct emotion expressed by the client) Because … (here indicate the correct experiences, thoughts, and behaviours that give rise to the feelings). The formula “You feel … because … ” is a beginner tool to get used to the concept of responding with accurate empathy. It focuses on the key points of clients’ stories, points of view, intentions, proposals, and decisions together with the feelings, emotions, and moods associated with them. Respond Accurately To Client’s Feelings, Emotions, And Moods Helpers need to respond to clients’ emotions in such a way to move the helping process forward.
HUMANISTIC THERAPY Humanistic therapy also known as Person Centred Therapy, is intended to help individuals and groups with the belief that each individual is capable of helping themselves, using a set of values and attitudes used within the therapy called The Core Conditions; there are three core conditions that consist of Unconditional Positive Regard (U.P.R. ), Empathy and Genuineness/congruence, this could help a person who is suffering from loss and grief as the person, with the support of a counsellor using tools such active listening and responding skills such as paraphrasing, reflecting and summarising, which will help the client work out and grieve through whatever path that they feel is right for themselves. Person Centred Therapy focuses on the here and now is non-directive and believes that all individuals are resourceful, trust worthy and capable of self-growth and self-understanding, this will help the person come to terms with their loss through their own rationalisation of the events that has led them to grieve. Carl Rogers believed that a client is a self healer providing the counsellor gives the client the necessary tools. This I feel could help a person suffering from loss and grief as they are allowed to grief for the loss they have suffered in their own personal way with just the right amount of support from the counsellor.
It is my desire to support clients' efforts to gain insight and identify solutions for their areas of concern and believe that most of the answers lie within. From my perspective, the counselor's role is to create a climate in which clients can examine their thoughts, feelings, and actions and eventually arrive at solutions that are best for them. As a counselor, it is important to be non-judgmental, when counseling or helping another person, regardless of how open-minded I may consider myself to be. Personality attributes of professional counselors has a great impact in the counseling process. Being nonjudgmental and accepting are important attributes in any of the helping professions.
Ultimately, the successful creation of a strong therapeutic alliance depends on the behavior, personal traits, and experience of the counselor (Gross & Capuzzi, 2011). Strengths According to Gross and Capuzzi (2011), a counselor’s empathetic understanding, which is the ability to “feel with clients as opposed to feeling for clients” or to “understand feelings, thoughts, and ideas, and experiences by viewing them from the client’s frame of reference,” can be enhanced by certain characteristics (p. 7). One such characteristic, a counselor’s “knowledge and awareness of one’s own feelings and emotional response patterns and how they manifest themselves in interactive patterns” (Gross & Capuzzi, 2011, p. 7). A counselor who demonstrates this characteristic is more likely to practice empathetic understanding successfully (Gross & Capuzzi, 2011). The demonstration of this trait and others could allow a significant improvement in the client outcome.
Through this identification, the reader will attain a greater understanding of the requirements needed for competent mental health counseling. Role of Researcher Mental health counselors aside from specializations must be informed about the people whom they work for. Understanding the characteristics of their clientele, counselors seek to understand interests, attitudes, personalities and intelligent quotients (Sherpis, et.al., 2010). One method used to attain reliable and accurate data can be demonstrated through research within these areas. Variables within data both quantitative and qualitative must be approached from an unbiased perspective aimed at seeking relevancy to these clients.
This essay concentrates on Carl Rogers’ person centred approach suggesting that therapeutic conditions such as congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy are key to successful personal counselling and growth. Along with this are the basic micro skills used in counselling such as attentive listening, paraphrasing, reflective responses, probing and summarising. It is essential to realise the importance of using basic counselling skills. According to Palmer (2000) in order to be an effective helper it is important that the skills are identified, understood, learned and practiced repeatedly. It is also critical to recognize that the “ use of counselling skills is properly associated with therapeutic, helping or healing ends and not with self centred agendas” ( p. 4).
Rogers’ understanding was that for a person to be truly helped, the important healing factor is the relationship itself. Perhaps it would summarise that point being made to say that, by use of Client Centred techniques, a person can implement his respect for others only so far as that respect is an integral part of his personality and make-up; Consequently the person whose operational
Solution focused brief therapy Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT), often referred to as simply 'solution focused therapy' or 'brief therapy', is a type of talking therapy that is based upon social constructionist philosophy. It focuses on what clients want to achieve through therapy rather than on the problem(s) that made them seek help. The approach does not focus on the past, but instead, focuses on the present and future. The therapist/counselor uses respectful curiosity to invite the client to envision their preferred future and then therapist and client start attending to any moves towards it whether these are small increments or large changes. To support this, questions are asked about the client’s story, strengths and resources, and about exceptions to the problem.
CounsellingResourcecom Library With the client as the expert and under the right conditions Rogers believed that they would discover solutions to their own problems. ‘Individuals have within themselves vast resources for self understanding and for altering their self concept basic attitudes and self directive behaviour’ Carl Rogers Way of Being 1980 Rogers asserted that in order for a client to achieve self actualisation then a set of Core Conditions should be in place and practiced during the relationship, listing these core conditions as:- * Psychological Contact – that there must be a connection between therapist and client * Incongruence – that the client must