Multicultural Counseling and Therapy

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Multicultural Counseling and Therapy How does MCT expand the practices and roles of counselors as therapists, as compared to traditional practices and roles? Sue & Sue (2013) define multicultural counseling stating that the counselor plays the helping role and expands the role to teaching, consulting and advocacy that can supplement the tradtional counseling role. The traditional definition of counseling does not indicate an expanded role that Multicultural therapy requires. The definition set by Sue & Sue (2013) often contrasts with the traditional views of counseling and therapy. In the mini-lecture by Dr. Sue he states, “MCT can be defined as both a helping role and process that uses modalities and defines goals, consistent with the life experiences and cultural values of clients.” He also states that MCT involves broadening the role that counselors plays and therefore need to play multiple roles that involve not only the traditional role but systems intervention as well. It is important to avoid a blind application of techniques to all situations and all populations. Another important role is building a therapeutic alliance using empathy, positive regard, respect, warmth and genuineness, self-disclosure, management of counter transference and agreement on goals between the counselor and client (Sue & Sue, 2013) What is the significance of a client's social and cultural context within MCT? Multicultural therapy balances the individualism approach with the collective approach and acknowledges families, significant others, communities and cultures (Sue & Sue, 2013). In MCT the client’s social and cultural background is of importance. It is important as a counselor to recognize that such things as gender, racial or cultural background, and economic status can affect assessment, diagnosis and treatment. How does MCT challenge counselors to intervene at

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