Changes Brought By The Industrial Revolution
By Richard Bledsoe (3131771)
American Public University System
January 18, 2012
HIST101: American History to 1877
The Industrial Revolution was a period of major changes in the way products were made. It took place more than 200 years ago and greatly affected the way people lived as well as the way they worked. In earlier days, people made products by hand and worked mostly in their own homes or in small workshops. During the British Industrial Revolution, many factories were built and laborers began making large numbers of items using machinery-powered equipment.
From 1760 to 1830 the Industrial Revolution was largely taking place in Britain. The major changes involved in the British Industrial Revolution were technological, socioeconomic, and cultural changes. One of the biggest technological movements for the British was the use of mechanical power and was the key to success of Britain’s Industrial Revolution. The British designed and built water mills and steam engines that efficiently powered a wide variety of machines and equipment. With this new development, entrepreneurs began to open new workshops and forced their employees to work long strenuous hours to produce their goods. A number of other factors contributed to Britain’s success in the Industrial Revolution. For one, it had great deposits of coal and iron ore, which was essential for industrialization. Additionally, Britain was a political stable society and a great marketplace for manufactured goods. As demand rose for British goods, merchants needed more cost effective methods of production, which led to the rise of mechanics and factory systems. A number of mechanical inventions made production faster and jobs easier. One of the biggest inventions of the Industrial Revolution was the steam engine that went on to power a vast majority of machinery, locomotives, and ships. (1)
With these new innovations the...