The USA started exporting and importing goods with other countries. So, to keep up with demand, we had to produce more, which led to factories and labor unions. Also, the Railway Act that President Lincoln signed helped spur the Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution introduced mass production and greater markets. The world was slowly transpiring into a global village, with all the new machinery and technology being produced. Ultimately, the industrial revolution was a turning point in history that paved the way for technological, scientific, and cultural advancements. However, with all these advancements, there are negative consequences to be faced. This can be demonstrated through the examination of urbanization, the rise of new classes, theories (by Smith, Malthus and Ricardo), and factory conditions.
Both of these inventions provided new job opportunities and promoted industrial growth. Unskilled workers or immigrants would lay the tracks and maintain the rail lines while factory workers manufactured the locomotives and rails. This need attracted fourteen million immigrants into the country and encouraged continued growth. Most of the industrialization took place in the Northeast region as the textile plants grew because they had an abundant water supply that could be used to power the textile mills (Library of Congress 2013). The sewing machine was used in factories and provided many jobs.
The development of these technologies changed transportation, manufacturing, and even communication. These technologies also contributed to creating huge factories, through standardization, and thus furthering urbanization. The assembly line was a massive factor in industrialization, although it was invented pre-civil war; it allowed the mass production of goods and increased worker efficiency. People were now able to afford things that only the wealthy would have been able to afford in the past. On the other hand, the assembly line did indeed deskill many workers, and further reorganized how the people made a living.
It also had a stable government, which allowed for the people to begin industrializing in the first place, harbors for trade, a very large population resulting in a very large workforce, and many water ways throughout the country to transport materials and products as well as to use for water power at mills. There are several reasons why the Industrial revolution started in the first place. One reason being that there was widespread resistance to disease in Europe as well as a reliable food supply, allowing for steady population growth, which in return created more demand for products, which in turn resulted in new ways of producing products more efficiently in response to demand. As a result of Industrialization, a new economic philosophy arose. Capitalism called for the lack of government intervention in the economy.
Ch.11 Review Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution is a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of maufacturing goods and it started in Europe in the late 1700's and was a cause of population growth between 1750 and 1950. The development of factories was due to the steam engine, patented in 1769 by James Watt. The iron industry was first to increase production through extensive use of Watt's steam engine. Coal was the next product that benefited the iron and steel manufacturing required energy to operate the blast furnaces and steam engines and coal was the answer for this. The new engineering profession made its biggest impact on transportation especially canals and rail ways.
These machines that were invented helped to make work more efficient. In DBQ 12, document 6, says that there were many machines that increased the speed and quantity or the work that was being done such as the Flying Shuttle, and Spinning Jenny. Scientist, who sought out a need of faster and better work, invented these machines. The creation of the machines was the basis of the Industrial Revolution. In DBQ 12, document 5, it states, “The stream of English scientific thought was one of the main tributaries [causes] of the industrial revolution”.
However, in addition to this investment made by employees, I find a much larger investment made by employers in the human capital of their employees. Several researchers have studied the sustained rapid labor productivity growth at Lowell during the 1830s and 1840s [Davis and Stettler, 1966, McGouldrick, 1968, Zevin, 1975, David, 1975, Nickless, 1979, Williamson, 1972]. David and several others find strong growth in the multi-factor productivity residual, which David attributes to learning-by-doing. However, this learning effect could arise from worker skills or instead, as Zevin [1975, p. 5] suggests, from managerial or “organizational” learning. Using data on individual workers, I find that individual experience, and the associated human and physical capital investments, explain almost all of the growth in labor productivity.
The technological advancements led to the emergence of factories and an exploding population surrounding them. Many advantages were gained during the Industrial Revolution, but it also had profound consequences on society. Two major social consequences included urbanization and child labor. During the Industrial Revolution there was an immense demand for cheap, unskilled labor. Families moved from rural areas to the newly industrialized cities to find work.
At this point in time, roads got improved and underwent repair on a larger extent; the production of railways skyrocketed in the German States. The expansion of railways increased industrialization and provided many raw materials, which could only be accessed to industries from far sources. Just like Zollverein, this made connections with one another (the German States) easier and promoted freedom, independence and prosperity. Germans began to see unity in factors other than language.